Female butterflies mated with recently mated males show reduced reproductive output

Abstract

During copulation, males of the alfalfa butterfly, Colias eurytheme, transfer nutrients and sperm to the female. Recently mated males produce only about 40% of the quantity of material produced by males that have not recently mated (Rutowski and Gilchrist 1986). In this study, females that mated with recently mated males died sooner, had a lower lifetime… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/BF00300677

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