Female Genital Mutilation: A Visual Reference and Learning Tool for Health Care Professionals.

  title={Female Genital Mutilation: A Visual Reference and Learning Tool for Health Care Professionals.},
  author={Jasmine Abdulcadir and Lucrezia Catania and Michelle J. Hindin and Lale Say and Patrick Petignat and Omar Abdulcadir},
  journal={Obstetrics \& Gynecology},
Female genital mutilation comprises all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or injury to the female genital organs for nonmedical reasons. Health care providers for women and girls living with female genital mutilation have reported difficulties in recognizing, classifying, and recording female genital mutilation, which can adversely affect treatment of complications and discussions of the prevention of the practice in future generations. According… 

International continence society white paper regarding female genital mutilation/cutting

This White Paper, prepared under the auspices of the International Continence Society (ICS), is intended by the ICS as a statement promoting the abandonment of this practice.

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting—Pediatric Physician Knowledge, Training, and General Practice Approach

A questionnaire assessing FGM/C education, knowledge, diagnostic confidence and external genital examination (EGE) approach was sent to pediatric listservs at 3 hospitals and a child abuse pediatrician (CAP) network, finding that Pediatric physicians are not trained to diagnose or manage Fgm/C.

Diagnosis, Management, and Treatment of Female Genital Mutilation or Cutting in Girls

This clinical report is the first comprehensive summary of FGM/C in children and includes education regarding a standard-of-care approach for examination of external female genitalia at all health supervision examinations, diagnosis, complications, management, treatment, culturally sensitive discussion and counseling approaches, and legal and ethical considerations.

Coding female genital mutilation/cutting and its complications using the International Classification of Diseases: a commentary

The available estimates are based on nationally representative data on FGM/C collected through survey programmes known as the Multiple Indicator Cluster Service (MICS), developed by UNICEF2 or the Demographic and Health surveys (DHS), carried out by ICF International.

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting

This chapter reviews the epidemiology, clinical examination, and WHO staging of FGM/C, as well as options for the management of sequelae.

Female Genital Mutilations

The World Health Organization defines Female Genital Mutilation as all procedures that involve the partial or total removal of external genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.

Public Health Research Priorities to Address Female Genital Mutilation or Cutting in the United States.

There are numerous gaps in the understanding of the magnitude of the problem in the United States and in the availability of scientific data informing a variety of interventions (preventive, clinical, educational, legal).

A Cross-sectional Study on the Prevalence of Cervical Dysplasia Among Women With Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting

The prevalence of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion+ among migrant women with FGM/C is high compared with the general Swiss population, and follow-up for cervical dysplasia must be improved by increasing provider knowledge of this patient population and by addressing barriers to care.



Mandatory reporting of female genital mutilation by healthcare professionals.

  • N. MathersJ. Rymer
  • Medicine
    The British journal of general practice : the journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
  • 2015
Despite its relatively high prevalence and FGM being a serious crime, no successful prosecution has taken place since 1983, although a dentist was struck off the Dental Register in 2013 for offering to perform FGM.

Knowledge of female genital mutilation among healthcare professionals

There were significant gaps both in theoretical knowledge and practice of FGM among relevant health professionals in the UK, according to the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists' standards.

Sexual Anatomy and Function in Women With and Without Genital Mutilation: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Effects of female genital cutting on physical health outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis

While the precise estimation of the frequency and risk of immediate, gynaecological, sexual and obstetric complications is not possible, the results weigh against the continuation of FGM/C and support the diagnosis and management of girls and women suffering the physical risks of Fgm/C.

Psychological, social and sexual consequences of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C): a systematic review of quantitative studies

Traumatic Stress Studies (NKVTS) commissioned the Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services (NOKC) to conduct a systematic review about the consequences of female genital mutilation/cutting

Netter's obstetrics and gynecology

This resource pairs more than 250 exquisite Netter images with concise descriptions of the most current medical thinking on common diseases/conditions, diagnostics, treatments, and protocols for a single easy-to-use quick reference.

Missed opportunities for diagnosis of female genital mutilation

  • J. AbdulcadirAdeline Dugerdil P. Petignat
  • Medicine
    International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
  • 2014