Female Drug Smugglers on the U.S.-Mexico Border: Gender, Crime, and Empowerment

  title={Female Drug Smugglers on the U.S.-Mexico Border: Gender, Crime, and Empowerment},
  author={Howard John Campbell},
  journal={Anthropological Quarterly},
  pages={233 - 267}
  • H. Campbell
  • Published 31 March 2008
  • Sociology
  • Anthropological Quarterly
Women's involvement in drug trafficking in recent years has expanded dramatically. Yet there are few studies of female drug smugglers, the causes of female involvement in smuggling, and the impact of smuggling on women's lives specifically. In this article, I provide in-depth ethnographic interviews and observations of a broad spectrum of female drug smugglers on the U.S.-Mexico border. Moving beyond stereotypes, I examine how drug trafficking affects women's relationships with men and their… 
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