Female Deacons in the Byzantine Church1

  title={Female Deacons in the Byzantine Church1},
  author={Valerie A. Karras},
  journal={Church History},
  pages={272 - 316}
Despite the energy devoted by American and Western European church historians and theologians to the question of the ordination of women in early Christianity and in the (western) medieval Christian Church, these scholars have shown comparatively little interest toward the female diaconate in the Byzantine Church, even when comparative analysis could potentially help elucidate questions regarding the theology and practice of women's ordinations in the West. Most of the research on the female… 
The article analyzes the medieval interpretations of biblical images of Sophia of the Wisdom of God, Eve, Virgin Mary. Their role of women's inclusion in the social order of the Western European
Female diaconate in medieval Nubia: Evidence from a wall inscription from Faras
Female diaconate is a well-attested phenomenon in Eastern Churches.1 Sources at our disposal confirm the presence of deaconesses in the East from the third/fourth until probably as late as the
A Critical Investigation into the Role of Widows in Early Church Life
A critical question to be asked in the modern world is whether or not women should have leadership roles in churches. Saint Paul teaches us that we should have a vision of a church that is unified
The festival of Saint Demetrios, the Timarion , and the Aithiopika *
The description of the festival for Saint Demetrios in Thessaloniki in the Timarion has long been used as a source for regional and liturgical history. It is in fact a literary rewriting of a
Women, Tradition and Icons: The Gendered Use of the Torah Scrolls and the Bible in Orthodox Jewish and Christian Rituals
This article discusses the relationship between Christian and Jewish Orthodox women with their sacred books (the Christian Bible and the Torah respectively) from a feminist point of view. While
Overcoming Greed: An Eastern Christian Perspective
As an Eastern Orthodox Christian, I have chosen to approach the topic of "overcoming greed" from an Eastern Christian perspective, relying particularly on the writings of some of the early
What does the ordination of women then mean for women now
[1] The historical information gathered over the last fifty years demonstrates fairly conclusively that women have been ordained in the past. The most recent examinations of the evidence have
Epigraphic Research around Juliopolis III: Roman and Byzantine Inscriptions from Doğandere and Juliopolis
Bu yazida Nallihan ve Mudurnu (antik Modrene) arasinda yer alan Dogandere'den bulunmus bir miltasi (no. 1) ve Cayirhan'da (antik Ioulioupolis) nekropolis kazisinda ele gecen Roma ve Bizans
Female Imagery in Bogomil Myth, Exegesis and Social Reality: An Overview
ABSTRACT This paper will examine the role of women and, more broadly, the female imagery presented in Bogomil doctrine and practice, as reflected in the Bogomil myth, Biblical exegesis and social
Orthodox kaleidoscope: focus on Japan
This contribution addresses the theoretical and methodological issues proposed in the ‘Orthodox Kaleidoscope’ network. Based on five months of field research in Japan, the contribution argues that ...


Deacons, Deaconesses and the Minor Orders in the Patristic Period
  • J. Davies
  • History
    The Journal of Ecclesiastical History
  • 1963
Writers in the early centuries of the Christian era were accustomed to employ the term διάκονος with either the masculine or the feminine definite article. In the former case it is to be translated
The Ordination of Women in the Early Middle Ages
The author analyzes a number of references to the ordination of women in the early Middle Ages in light of the meaning given to ordination at that time and in the context of the ministries of early
See Judith Herrin
  • Search of Byzantine Women: Three Avenues of Approach
  • 1983
Ayvali Kilise ou Pigeonnier de Giilli Dere : figlise inedite de Cappadoce
  • Cahiers archeologiques
  • 1965
Menstruation and Motherhood
    It should be noted, however, that even in Syria, where women per se were not excluded from the altar, they were at times restricted from both it and the Eucharist when menstruous. See Branham
    • Bloody Women and Bloody Spaces