Feline lower airway disease: a retrospective study of 22 naturally occurring cases from Greece.

Abstract

In this retrospective study of 22 cats with lower airway disease of either intermittent (23%) or persistent nature (77%), the Siamese breed (55%) was significantly over-represented. Females (68%) were slightly but not significantly over-represented. No significant association was found between the clinical stage of disease and the physical findings, thoracic radiographic changes or the response to treatment. Cough, the most common presenting complaint, was the only symptom detected in the cats with intermittent disease, yet the two most severely affected animals did not show it. Thoracic auscultation did not reveal any abnormality in 41% of the cats. Haematology revealed eosinophilia in 46% of the cats. A bronchial pattern was the most common radiographic abnormality (73%), followed by alveolar (32%) and interstitial patterns (23%). Interestingly, thoracic radiographs were normal in 23% of the cats. The combination of short-term corticosteroids and bronchodilators resulted in complete and long-term remission of symptoms in nine cats, while the other 11 required ongoing medication because of relatively frequent relapses. One of the remaining two cats died during an asthmatic crisis, while the other was lost to follow up.

Cite this paper

@article{AdamamaMoraitou2004FelineLA, title={Feline lower airway disease: a retrospective study of 22 naturally occurring cases from Greece.}, author={Katerina K Adamama-Moraitou and Michail N Patsikas and Alexander F. Koutinas}, journal={Journal of feline medicine and surgery}, year={2004}, volume={6 4}, pages={227-33} }