Feeding fossil fuels to the soil an analysis of energy embedded and technological learning in the fertilizer industry

@inproceedings{Ramrez2006FeedingFF,
  title={Feeding fossil fuels to the soil an analysis of energy embedded and technological learning in the fertilizer industry},
  author={Claudio Aguilar Ram{\'i}rez and Ernst Worrell},
  year={2006}
}
In this paper, we assess energy demand due to fertilizer consumption in the period 1961–2001. Based on historical trends of gross energy requirements, we calculated that in 2001, global energy embedded in fertilizer consumption amounted to 3660 PJ, which represents about 1% of the global energy demand. Total energy demand has increased at an average rate of 3.8% p.a. Drivers behind the trend are rising fertilizer consumption and a shift towards more energy intensive fertilizers. Our results… CONTINUE READING

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