Feeding ecology of two endangered sympatric megaherbivores: Asianelephant Elephas maximus and greater one-horned rhinoceros Rhinoceros unicornis in lowland Nepal

@inproceedings{Pradhan2008FeedingEO,
  title={Feeding ecology of two endangered sympatric megaherbivores: Asianelephant Elephas maximus and greater one-horned rhinoceros Rhinoceros unicornis in lowland Nepal},
  author={Narendra Man Babu Pradhan and Per Wegge and Stein R. Moe and Anil Shrestha},
  year={2008}
}
Abstract We studied the diets of low-density but increasing populations of sympatric Asian elephants Elephas maximus and greater one-horned rhinoceros Rhinoceros unicornis in the Bardia National Park in lowland Nepal. A microhistological technique based on faecal material was used to estimate the seasonal diet composition of the two megaherbivores. Rhinos ate more grass than browse in all seasons, and their grass/browse ratio was significantly higher than that of elephants. Both species ate… 

Dry season habitat selection by a recolonizing population of Asian elephantsElephas maximus in lowland Nepal

Owing to landclearing and human expansion, Asian elephantElephas maximus Linnaeus, 1758 is declining throughout its range. In lowland Nepal, the species now only occurs in small remnant populations,

Seed dispersal by megaherbivores: do Asian elephants disperse Mallotus philippinensis, a main food tree in northern India and Nepal?

It is concluded that the spreading of Mallotus and concurrent declining of sal might be the result of shifting ecological successions, triggered by more flooding and a more erratic rainfall pattern combined with less frequent forest fires, all of which are assumed to favour Mallotsus and hamper regeneration of Shorea robusta.

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The Jarman–Bell principle does not apply to riverine alluvial grasslands as body size did not explain the interspecific dietary patterns of the mega and meso-herbivores, which necessitates wet grassland-based management interventions for the continued co-existence of large herbivores in such habitats.

NUTRIENT ANALYSIS OF GRASS SPECIES CONSUMED BY GREATER ONE- HORNED RHINOCEROS (Rhinoceros Unicornis) IN CHITWAN NATIONAL PARK, NEPAL

The nutrient content of the fodder species consumed by One-horned rhinoceros is identified which would be helpful to develop proper strategies for rhInoceros food management and this study collected samples from Chitwan National Park.

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It is recommended that dicot plant species—particularly fruit trees and shrubs, which are the major source of nutrients for FHA during resource-lean, dry season—be conserved and natural regeneration of these taxa be promoted.

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The results offer the first insights into the seasonal variation in browse : graze diet ratios and the habitat-niche overlap amongst the common largest-bodied mammalian herbivore species found in South India.

Nutritional ecology of Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) and human-wildlife interactions : a thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Conservation Ecology at Massey University, Albany, New Zealand

Background: Nepal provides habitat for approximately 100–125 wild Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). Although a small proportion of the world population of this species, this group is important for

How does a re‐colonizing population of Asian elephants affect the forest habitat?

A recently observed increase in the density of M. phillippinensis and the concurrent reduction of the hardly utilized Shorea robusta indicates that the rapidly growing elephant population may modify the composition of the forest by increasing its preferred food species.

Diet of the Four-horned Antelope Tetracerus quadricornis (De Blainville, 1816) in the Churia Hills of Nepal

The Four-horned Antelopes are concentrated feeders and browsers with a generalized feeding strategy and needs to be conducted in other landscapes and with sympatric and potential competitor species to understand its niche overlaps and degree of competition.

MegaFeed: Global database of megaherbivores’ feeding preferences

Terrestrial mammalian herbivores heavier than ~1000 kg, also known as megaherbivores, perform unique ecological functions due to their combination of heavy body mass, extended home ranges, abundant
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