Federal Fishery Observer Programs in the United States: Over 40 Years of Independent Data Collection

@inproceedings{Brooke2015FederalFO,
  title={Federal Fishery Observer Programs in the United States: Over 40 Years of Independent Data Collection},
  author={Samanatha G. Brooke},
  year={2015}
}
The National Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA, placed trained fi shery observers aboard commercial fi shing vessels to collect a variety of data on catch, bycatch, and fi shing operations beginning in the 1970’s. Prior to this review, a full documentation of the agency’s 40+ year history of fi sheries observations had not been completed. The fi rst conclusion drawn from this review is that a substantial shift in the mission and sampling plans of NMFS observer programs that occurred over the past… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

NOAA fishery observers and Vietnamese American fishers in the Southeastern US
Abstract The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association (NOAA) Observer Program places scientist-observers onto commercial fishing vessels to collect data regarding catch and report violations ofExpand
Parameterization of an Ecosystem Model and Application for Assessing the Utility of Gulf of Mexico Pelagic Longline Spatial Closures
of a dissertation at the University of Miami. Dissertation supervised by Professor Elizabeth Babcock. No. of pages in text. (329) Many highly migratory predator stocks that occupy the Gulf of MexicoExpand
An evaluation of oil spill responses for offshore oil production projects in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada: Implications for seabird conservation.
TLDR
Investigation of the response of small spills at offshore production platforms in Newfoundland found that industry self-reporting has not permitted an evaluation of the impact of chronic oil spills on seabirds, and recommends that independent observers be placed on platforms to systematically collect data on spills and seab birds. Expand
Onboard Scientific Observers Provide a Realistic Picture of Harvesting and Management Priorities for the Precious Red Coral (Corallium rubrum L.)
Mediterranean red coral Corallium rubrum is considered the most precious coral worldwide. Harvesting activities are performed by licensed scuba divers and managed through the recent pan-MediterraneanExpand
GENERALIZED ADDITIVE MODELS FOR PREDICTING THE SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF BILLFISHES AND TUNAS ACROSS THE GULF OF MEXICO
Generalized additive models (GAMs) were developed to predict the spatial distributions of billfish and tuna species across the Gulf of Mexico. Models were fitted with data from NOAA's PelagicExpand
Citizen-Science and Participatory Research as a Means to Improve Stakeholder Engagement in Resource Management: A Case Study of Vietnamese American Fishers on the US Gulf Coast
TLDR
Findings highlight language, lack of trust, and outreach misfit as key barriers to engaging Vietnamese American stakeholders as demanded for collaborative resource management or co-management and demonstrate the potential role for citizen science and participatory research that collaboratively engages stakeholders in research to overcome some of these barriers. Expand

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 35 REFERENCES
Hawaii longline fishermen's experiences with the Observer Program
The mission of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is to understand and predict changes in the Earth=s environment and to conserve and manage coastal and oceanic marineExpand
Incidental Take of Marine Mammals in Foreign Fishery Activities Off the Northeast United States , 1977-88
The gray seal Halichoerus grypus is infrequently captured. These three species are known to feed on fish caught in nets and to become entangled, thereby damaging fishing gear. Marine mammal/fisheryExpand
Observations of the 1992 U.S. Pelagic Pair Trawl Fishery in the Northwest Atlantic
TLDR
Analyses of 1992 data indicate that albacore, T. alalunga, was the predominant species caught, although yellowfin tuna, T. obesus, were the preferred target species, and bycatch also included swordfish, large sharks, pelagic rays and other pelagic fishes, other tunas, and marine mammals. Expand
Alaskan Groundfish Resources: 10 Years of Management under the Magnuson Fishery Conservation and Management Act
Abstract In this paper, we examine management under the 1976 Magnuson Fishery Conservation and Management Act (MFCMA) and its effect on Alaskan groundfish resources. The history of the groundfishExpand
Summary of U.S. observer sampling of foreign and joint venture fisheries in the northeast Pacific Ocean and eastern Bering Sea, 1989
This report summarizes the 1989 foreign and joint venture groundfish activities in the eastern Bering Sea and off the Washington-Oregon-California coast. Tables contained herein provide estimates ofExpand
Estimates of marine mammal , turtle , and seabird mortality for two California gillnet fisheries : 1990-1995
i';i cinemammals, turtles, and seabIrds are ; ° stimated for the California drift gillnet ~shery for broadbill swordfish, Xiphias :'W,igladius, common thresher shark, ~i<iAlopias vulpinus, andExpand
FIELD EXPERIMENTS SHOW THAT ACOUSTIC PINGERS REDUCE MARINE MAMMAL BYCATCH IN THE CALIFORNIA DRIFT GILL NET FISHERY
TLDR
A controlled experiment to determine whether acoustic deterrent devices (pingers) reduce marine mammal bycatch in the California drift gill net fishery for swordfish and sharks found that bycatch rates were significantly less for all cetacean species combined and for all pinniped species combined. Expand
The statistical design of comparative fishing experiments
Abstract Experimental designs for alternate tow gear experiments are described and evaluated, considering situations with and without randomized complete blocks. Variance components relevant to theExpand
An evaluation of the effectiveness of trip limits as a management tool
  • 2014
...
1
2
3
4
...