Forty-nine patients (aged 7-15 years) with temporal epilepsy were examined using clinical and electrophysiological methods; 27 children were also subjected to psychological examination and 14 of them to computerized tomography of the brain. Characteristics of temporal paroxysms and correlation between the course of epilepsy and its duration and progression are described in detail. It was shown that neuroinfections, craniocerebral traumas, perinatal pathology of the nervous system and genetic predisposition play a certain role in the genesis of temporal epilepsy. Psychological examination of patients with temporal epilepsy revealed various disorders of neuropsychic processes in 27 children. In 5 cases computer-aided tomography of the brain revealed various changes including petrifacates, cysts, foci of gliosis with partial brain atrophy and deformation of the lateral ventricles.