Features of Autobiographical Memory: Theoretical and Empirical Issues in the Measurement of Flashbulb Memory

@article{Curci2009FeaturesOA,
  title={Features of Autobiographical Memory: Theoretical and Empirical Issues in the Measurement of Flashbulb Memory},
  author={Antonietta Curci and Tiziana Lanciano},
  journal={The Journal of General Psychology},
  year={2009},
  volume={136},
  pages={129 - 152}
}
Flashbulb memories (FBMs) were defined by R. Brown and J. Kulik (1977) as vivid, detailed, and long-lasting memories for attributes of the reception context of public news. Unlike ordinary autobiographical memories, they are conceived as auto-biographical formations that noticeably integrate specific perceptual details. The authors aimed to test a measurement model for FBMs as compared with event memory (EM) by hypothesizing that a categorical, rather than dimensional, approach would be more… 
Type or dimension? A taxometric investigation of flashbulb memories
TLDR
The current study attempted to provide an empirical answer to the problem of FBM measurement, by adopting a taxometric analysis and results supported the taxonic structure of FBMs.
Do automatic mental associations detect a flashbulb memory?
TLDR
Jointly considered, the results from the two studies showed that the implicit measures were able to discriminate a FBM, and appeared significantly associated with explicit traditional measures of FBM Specificity, Confidence, and Consistency.
Flashbulb memories of the Pope's resignation: Explicit and implicit measures across differing religious groups
TLDR
The present evidence supports the idea that FBMs are special autobiographical memories which remain detailed, certain and consistent over time.
“I Knew It Would Happen ... And I Remember It!”: The Flashbulb Memory for the Death of Pope John Paul II
Flashbulb memory (FBM) has been defined as a vivid and detailed memory for the circumstances under which one first learned of a consequential and emotionally involving event. The present study aimed
Playing the flashbulb memory game: A comment on Cubelli and Della Sala
Ordinary memory processes shape Flashbulb memories of extraordinary events
Brown and Kulik coined the term. We evaluate evidence for veridical, phenomenological, and metacognitive features that have been proposed to differentiate Flashbulb from ordinary autobiographical
Long-Term, Explicit Memory in Rituals
This article reconsiders the problem of memorization in rituals in light of recent empirical work in memory research. Four hypotheses are put forward in particular: (1) Emotionally laden details will
A review of 40 years of research
We review the shifting definition of "Flashbulb memory" in the 40 years since Brown and Kulik coined the term. We evaluate evidence for veridical, phenomenological, and metacognitive features that
Emotion and autobiographical memory.
Flashbulb Memory for the Events of 9-11: An Analysis of Facts, Feelings, and Flow 1
Undergraduates enrolled in psychology courses at Robert Morris University reported their personal memories surrounding the events of September 11, 2001. These memories were collected within two days
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 52 REFERENCES
Latent variable models for the measurement of flashbulb memories: a comparative approach
Flashbulb memories are defined as vivid, long-lasting, and detailed memories for the circumstances in which people learned of shocking and important public events, that is the so-called reception
The formation of flashbulb memories
TLDR
A causal analysis of secondary variables showed that the formation of FB memories was primarily associated with the level of importance attached to the event and level of affective response to the news.
Flashbulb memories: Special, but not so special
TLDR
It was concluded that the loss of information during one year contradicts the notion that flashbulb memories persist in absolute accuracy over time, as has been claimed in previous studies.
Flashbulb and factual memories: the case of Rabin's assassination
Similarities and differences between factual memories (FTM) and flashbulb memories (FBM) of the assassination of Israel's Prime Minister, Itzhak Rabin, were explored. About two weeks after the
Flashbulb memory assumptions: using national surveys to explore cognitive phenomena.
TLDR
This type of research is rare within the flashbulb memory literature on account of the large sample sizes and the use of samples representative of the general population, which allows us to return to Brown & Kulik's (1977) original emphasis on group differences and re-evaluate their findings.
Follow-up of a cross-national comparison on flashbulb and event memory for the September 11th attacks
TLDR
Results showed that national membership had a significant impact on event memory, and the emotional and rehearsal variables, but flashbulb memories for the September 11th attacks were found to be high and consistent across different countries.
Flashbulb memories and the underlying mechanisms of their formation: Toward an emotional-integrative model
TLDR
Investigating the FBMs that Belgian citizens developed upon learning of the unexpected death of their king Baudouin revealed that the third model, which takes into account emotional processes, better explains FBM.
Event Memory and Autobiographical Memory for the Events of September 11, 2001
SUMMARY This research compares event memory and autobiographical memory for an event that was experienced to be more distressing, with more significant and widespread consequences than was any other
Flashbulb memories in social groups: A comparative test–retest study of the memory of French President Mitterrand's death in a French and a Belgian group
TLDR
The results indicated that the flashbulb memory for Mitterrand's death is affected by group provenance, as French people showed higher levels of recall for the flash Bulb memory attributes and their determinants than Belgian people.
The construction of autobiographical memories in the self-memory system.
TLDR
It is shown how this model can be used to draw together a wide range of diverse data from cognitive, social, developmental, personality, clinical, and neuropsychological autobiographical memory research.
...
...