• Corpus ID: 109004608

Feasibility study on manganese nodules recovery in the Clarion-Clipperton Zone

@inproceedings{Agarwal2012FeasibilitySO,
  title={Feasibility study on manganese nodules recovery in the Clarion-Clipperton Zone},
  author={Baivau Agarwal and Pan Hu and Marco Placidi and Harrif Santo and Jenny J. Zhou},
  year={2012}
}
The sea occupies three quarters of the area on the earth and provides various kinds of resources to mankind in the form of minerals, food, medicines and even energy. “Seabed exploitation” specifically deals with recovery of the resources that are found on the seabed, in the form of solids, liquids and gasses (methane hydrates, oil and natural gas). The resources are abundant; nevertheless the recovery process from the seabed, poses various challenges to mankind. This study starts with a review… 
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Although deep-sea manganese nodules were discovered over a'century ago by scientists of the HMS Challenger expedition, few analyses of the nodules for the economically significant elements such as
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Results of such experiments and general knowledge of deep-sea ecology suggest that decades may be required for reestablishment of a balanced community, since the nodules will be removed and epigrowth on hard substrates is thereby precluded.
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After reaching a peak in the 1970s, interest in exploitation of the minerals of the deep ocean floor sharply declined to the point where it is hard to remember when the prospects of mining the ocean
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