Fearing Monarchs and Merchants: Montesquieu's Two Theories of Despotism

  title={Fearing Monarchs and Merchants: Montesquieu's Two Theories of Despotism},
  author={Roger Boesche},
  journal={Political Research Quarterly},
  pages={741 - 761}
  • Roger Boesche
  • Published 1 December 1990
  • Political Science
  • Political Research Quarterly
lthough he did not invent the word despotism, Montesquieu more than any other author established it in that lexicon of political and politicized words--words such as capitalism, socialism, individualism, and bureaucracyinvented in the last three centuries in response either to specific political necessities or to more general political goals. In this case, the opponents of Louis XIV's arbitrary uses of power apparently invented the French word despotisme in the 1690s. The root of this word is… 
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