Fearing Monarchs and Merchants: Montesquieu's Two Theories of Despotism

@article{Boesche1990FearingMA,
  title={Fearing Monarchs and Merchants: Montesquieu's Two Theories of Despotism},
  author={Roger Boesche},
  journal={Political Research Quarterly},
  year={1990},
  volume={43},
  pages={741 - 761}
}
  • Roger Boesche
  • Published 1 December 1990
  • Political Science
  • Political Research Quarterly
lthough he did not invent the word despotism, Montesquieu more than any other author established it in that lexicon of political and politicized words--words such as capitalism, socialism, individualism, and bureaucracyinvented in the last three centuries in response either to specific political necessities or to more general political goals. In this case, the opponents of Louis XIV's arbitrary uses of power apparently invented the French word despotisme in the 1690s. The root of this word is… 
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I MONTESQUIEU tells us in the preface to the Esprit des lois that once he discovered a few simple principles all the inchoate material incorporated in that book fell into place. He acknowledges that
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ATRIARCHALISM WAS ONE OF THE LEADING political ideals of the ancien regime. Sooner or later, therefore, anyone dissatisfied with the old order was bound to confront the patriarchal doctrine. Bodin
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