Fear of stigmatization as barrier to voluntary HIV counselling and testing in South Africa.

  title={Fear of stigmatization as barrier to voluntary HIV counselling and testing in South Africa.},
  author={Annemarie E Meiberg and Arjan E. R. Bos and Hans E. Onya and Herman P. Schaalma},
  journal={East African journal of public health},
  volume={5 2},
OBJECTIVE The objective of this qualitative study was to identify psychosocial correlates of HIV voluntary counselling and testing (VCT), with an emphasis on the association between fear of AIDS-related stigma and willingness to have an HIV test. METHODS The study was executed in Limpopo Province at University of Limpopo, Polokwane, South Africa. Focus group interviews were held among 72 students, divided over 10 groups. RESULTS Results showed that participants had different levels of… 

Changing patterns in HIV/AIDS stigma and uptake of voluntary counselling and testing services: The results of two consecutive community surveys conducted in the Western Cape, South Africa

A reduction in levels of HIV/AIDS-associated stigma was noted in a community burdened with high HIV prevalence, as was an increase in reported VCT, and interventions to reduce stigma in communities affected by this disease should be encouraged.

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HIV testing is associated with sexual health communication among South African community members and sexual partners and offering HIV testing to all South Africans may increase communication and lead to reductions in sexual risk.

Relationship between HIV Stigma and Self-Isolation among People Living with HIV in Tennessee

Overwhelming reluctance to disclose a person’s HIV status made identifying enacted stigma with a quantitative scale difficult, and participants’ use of self-isolation as a coping mechanism led to an underestimation of enacted HIV stigma in quantitative scales.



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A vigorous community education programme is essential if the introduction of ART is to be effective in promoting uptake of VCT among gold mineworkers in South Africa.

HIV testing attitudes, AIDS stigma, and voluntary HIV counselling and testing in a black township in Cape Town, South Africa

Efforts to promote VCT in South Africa require education about the benefits of testing and reductions in stigmatising attitudes towards people living with AIDS, and structural and social marketing interventions that aim to reduce AIDS stigmas will probably decrease resistance to seeking VCT.

Factors influencing acceptability of voluntary counselling and HIV-testing among pregnant women in Northern Tanzania

Perceived high personal susceptibility to HIV/AIDS, barriers related to confidentiality and partner involvement, self-efficacy regarding alternative feeding methods and religion were all shown to be associated with willingness to accept VCT.

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Five critical elements that programs aiming to tackle stigma need to address are pointed to: Create greater recognition of stigma and discrimination, Foster in-depth, applied knowledge about all aspects of HIV and AIDS through a participatory and interactive process.

HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviours among rural South African youth: Implications for health education

A profile of modifiable risk factors among male first time entrants to a health and fitness centre in South Africa and a high incidence of self-reported genital discharge/ulcer/sore among sexually active youths is drawn up.

Attitudes Towards HIV-Antibody Testing Among University Students in Four African Countries

The HIV TestingAttitude Score indicating a positive attitudetowards HIV testing was associated with having had an HIV test, the intention to go for an HIVtest, self-rated HIV knowledge, the number ofsex partners in the past 12 months, and personally knowing someone with HIV or AIDS.

Low impact of a community-wide HIV testing and counseling program on sexual behavior in rural Uganda.

  • W. KippG. KabagambeJ. Konde-Lule
  • Medicine, Psychology
    AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
  • 2001
The conclusion is that only knowing the HIV serostatus is not enough to reduce high risk behavior and there is a demand for HIV counseling services without being HIV tested.

HIV and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination: a conceptual framework and implications for action.

Psychosocial factors associated with hiv testing amongst scottish gay men

This article describes the relationship between HIV testing and a range of psychosocial, sexual and socio-demographic variables. Trained research staff distributed a self-report questionnaire in the