Fear of Movement Is Related to Trunk Stiffness in Low Back Pain

  title={Fear of Movement Is Related to Trunk Stiffness in Low Back Pain},
  author={Nicholas V. Karayannis and Rob J. E. M. Smeets and Wolbert van den Hoorn and Paul William Hodges},
  booktitle={PloS one},
BACKGROUND Psychological features have been related to trunk muscle activation patterns in low back pain (LBP). We hypothesised higher pain-related fear would relate to changes in trunk mechanical properties, such as higher trunk stiffness. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the relationship between trunk mechanical properties and psychological features in people with recurrent LBP. METHODS The relationship between pain-related fear (Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia, TSK; Photograph Series of Daily… CONTINUE READING
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