Fear, anger, and risk.

  title={Fear, anger, and risk.},
  author={Jennifer Susan Lerner and Dacher Keltner},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  volume={81 1},
  • J. Lerner, D. Keltner
  • Published 1 July 2001
  • Psychology
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
Drawing on an appraisal-tendency framework (J. S. Lerner & D. Keltner, 2000), the authors predicted and found that fear and anger have opposite effects on risk perception. Whereas fearful people expressed pessimistic risk estimates and risk-averse choices, angry people expressed optimistic risk estimates and risk-seeking choices. These opposing patterns emerged for naturally occurring and experimentally induced fear and anger. Moreover, estimates of angry people more closely resembled those of… 

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