Fate of right ventricular hypertrophy in tetralogy of Fallot after corrective surgery.

Abstract

To elucidate the reversibility of right ventricular (RV) myocardial hypertrophy in tetralogy of Fallot (TF), 30 patients underwent RV endomyocardial biopsies 1 to 25 years (mean 9.7 +/- 6.6) after corrective surgery. Myocardial cell diameter was evaluated by comparing histopathologic data with preoperative patients with TF and normal subjects. As a whole, postoperative cell diameter was smaller than that of age-matched preoperative patients with TF, and larger than that of age-matched normal subjects. In 7 patients without significant residual pulmonary stenosis whose preoperative data were also available, cell diameter significantly decreased after surgery (17.1 +/- 2.1 to 14.0 +/- 2.1 microns, p < 0.01). There was a positive correlation between postoperative cell diameter and age at study (p < 0.01). To negate the influence of age, cell diameter was expressed in terms of a percentage of age-matched normal values (percent cell diameter). There was no significant correlation between percent cell diameter and age at surgery, age at study or the follow-up periods. There were positive correlations between percent cell diameter and the following parameters: RV systolic pressure (p < 0.05), percent normal RV end-diastolic (p < 0.05) and end-systolic (p < 0.01) volumes. These results demonstrate that RV myocardial hypertrophy in TF can regress to some extent after corrective surgery if significant residual pulmonary stenosis is avoided.

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@article{Mitsuno1993FateOR, title={Fate of right ventricular hypertrophy in tetralogy of Fallot after corrective surgery.}, author={Masataka Mitsuno and Shigeru Nakano and Yasuhisa Shimazaki and Kunihisa Taniguchi and Toshihiro Kawamoto and Junji Kobayashi and Hideaki Matsuda and Yumi Kawashima}, journal={The American journal of cardiology}, year={1993}, volume={72 9}, pages={694-8} }