Fate, occurrence, and toxicity of veterinary antibiotics in environment

@article{Kumar2012FateOA,
  title={Fate, occurrence, and toxicity of veterinary antibiotics in environment},
  author={Ramasamy Rajesh Kumar and Jae Taek Lee and Jaeyoung Cho},
  journal={Journal of the Korean Society for Applied Biological Chemistry},
  year={2012},
  volume={55},
  pages={701-709}
}
The increasing worldwide usages of Veterinary Antibiotics (VAs) for therapeutic and nontherapeutic are becoming serious issue due to its adverse effects on all living organisms. Release of VAs into the aquatic and terrestrial environments results in antibiotic resistance in bacteria and toxicity to humans, animals, and plants. This review covers the present scenario on VA usage, occurrence, toxicity, and removal techniques. 
Antibiotic resistance in the environment: a critical insight on its occurrence, fate, and eco-toxicity
TLDR
A critical review of literature providing guidelines for the articulation of policies for prudent use of antibiotics, limits on the amount of antibiotics in pharmaceutical formulations, and regular surveillance in the Indian context is carried out.
Roots of Antibiotic’s Vicious Cycle through Aquatic Environment
TLDR
Researchers showed that a high percentage of antibiotics are excreted in an unaltered state via urine and feces into the sewage, and that BRICs countries account for 76% of the increase in antibiotic consumption.
Pharmaceuticals and Personal-Care Products in Plants.
Veterinary pharmaceuticals in aqueous systems and associated effects: an update
TLDR
This review focuses on scientific evidence that link the presence of pharmaceuticals in aqueous matrices to animal production facilities and presents means to reduce the occurrence of veterinary pharmaceutical residues in the aquatic habitats.
Monitoring of Antibiotics and Antibiotic Resistance Genes in Agroecosystems
TLDR
This chapter discusses the assembly of work that concentrates on aspects of the fate, transport, and persistence of antibiotics and antibiotic resistance genes in the innate environments with emphasis on culture and molecular-based methods and mechanisms relevant to the soil environments.
Plant Responses to Xenobiotics
TLDR
A review of the sources of xenobiotics, their fate in the ecosystem and means of action with possible prevention methods takes a look at the demand for pharmaceuticals versus population growth has placed the public at risk.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 100 REFERENCES
Occurrence and Environmental Fate of Veterinary Antibiotics in the Terrestrial Environment
A wide variety of veterinary antibiotics (VAs) has been detected in environmental water samples, and this is of potential environmental concern due to their adverse effects. In particular, the
Effects of the antibiotics oxytetracycline and tylosin on soil fauna.
Novel Approaches to Monitoring and Remediation of Veterinary Antibiotics in Soil and Water: A Review
TLDR
It is concluded that the continuous monitoring should be required to ensure the safety of antibiotics residuals in the surrounding environments and the management guidelines of antibiotic residuals need to be developed in the future.
Prioritizing Environmental Risks of Veterinary Antibiotics Based on the Use and the Potential to Reach Environment
TLDR
Eight veterinary antibiotic AIs including amoxicillin, carbadox, chlortetracy Cline, neomycin, oxytetracycline, sulfamethazine, sulfathiazole, and tylosin were identified to have a greater priority of environmental risk in Korea.
Toxicity of Tetracyclines and Tetracycline Degradation Products to Environmentally Relevant Bacteria, Including Selected Tetracycline-Resistant Bacteria
TLDR
Five major degradation products formed due to the limited stability of parent tetracyclines in aqueous solution were theoretically identified at various environmental conditions, such as pH, presence of chelating metals, and light.
Environmental pollution by antibiotics and by antibiotic resistance determinants.
...
...