Fatal re-expansion pulmonary oedema in a mechanically ventilated patient.


Fatal course of re-expansion pulmonary oedema (REPO) is infrequent and very rarely documented in mechanically ventilated patients. We report a case of fatal REPO following tube thoracostomy for a right-sided pneumothorax in an elderly patient of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with respiratory failure on mechanical ventilation.