Fatal envenomation by jellyfish causing Irukandji syndrome

  title={Fatal envenomation by jellyfish causing Irukandji syndrome},
  author={Peter J. Fenner and John C Hadok},
  journal={Medical Journal of Australia},
We report the first of two recent deaths from Irukandji syndrome. A 58-year-old male tourist was stung on the face and chest by an unidentified jellyfish in shallow water off the Whitsunday Islands, Queensland. He developed muscle cramps, sweating, anxiety, nausea and hypertension, and died 30 hours later from intracerebral haemorrhage. 

A probable case of Irukandji syndrome in Thailand.

A case of probable Irukandji syndrome in Thailand is reported and awareness of the syndrome is promoted to aid sting prevention and stimulate research.

Intravenous ascorbic acid as a treatment for severe jellyfish stings.

A 39 year old male was stung extensively on both lower limbs by an unidentified jellyfish in shallow waters of a beach in the vicinity of Labuan Island, Malaysia.

Jellyfish responsible for Irukandji syndrome.

  • P. Fenner
  • Medicine
    QJM : monthly journal of the Association of Physicians
  • 2006
The ‘fire jelly’ they mention is more commonly known as the ‘Morbakka’ in Australia, and although these were far less intense than the classic Irukandji syndrome typically associated with Carukia barnesi, these symptoms occurred in approximately 10% of stings.

Irukandji-like syndrome in South Florida divers.

Marine envenomations. Part 1--Jellyfish.

The features of envenomation by some of the more commonly encountered jellyfish of medical significance are discussed, and the recommended first aid and medical management of suchEnvenomations are discussed.

Fatal envenomation by jellyfish causing Irukandji syndrome

  • P. Bailey
  • Medicine
    The Medical journal of Australia
  • 2003
TO THE EDITOR: Interpretation of the report describing the first death attributed to the Irukandji syndrome should be tempered by the fact that significant unstated assumptions have been made in

Severe Cardiac Failure Associated with Presumed Jellyfish Sting. Irukandji Syndrome?

The diagnosis of cardiotoxic marine envenoming is suggested for any patient who has been stung by a jellyfish, develops no or minimal skin markings, and develops cardiogenic pulmonary oedema associated with Irukandji syndrome.

[Jellyfish sting. A case report].

The article covers the main potential symptoms of jellyfish stings--both local and general--going into details about the possible dermatological differential diagnoses and the most venomous jellyfish species, their geographical habitats, do's and don't-s of first aid, therapy and prevention are being briefly discussed by the authors.

Bites and Stings

This chapter describes those creatures which, when encountered by the unsuspecting human, may result in notable morbidity and mortality.



The Irukandji syndrome. A devastating syndrome caused by a north Australian jellyfish.

The updated current state of information on the ecology of jellyfish causing the Irukandji syndrome is described, the new symptoms are introduced, and some treatment regimens that may be effective are discussed.

Further understanding of, and a new treatment for, "Irukandji" (Carukia barnesi) stings.

Analysis of the large recorded numbers of swimmers who have been stung by the "Irukandji" jellyfish during the 1985-1986 summer season in north Queensland, and the results are discussed, shows that Diazepam relieves the anxiety which is part of the syndrome, but antihistamine agents and hydrocortisone seem to have no beneficial effect.


EDITORIAL NOTICES 934 ORIGINAL ARTIOLESPage Cause and Effect In Irukandjl Stlnglngs, by J. H. Lawson and A. S. Hewstone, and Toxic Effects of Colistin Methane Sulphonate In the New-Born.

Tiny harbinger of death lurking in our seas

  • Sydney Morning Herald April
  • 2002

Australian Resuscitation Council. Envenomation --jellyfish stings. ARC policy 8.9.6. Melbourne: Royal College of Surgeons

  • Australian Resuscitation Council. Envenomation --jellyfish stings. ARC policy 8.9.6. Melbourne: Royal College of Surgeons
  • 2001

Tiny harbinger of death lurking in our seas. Sydney Morning Herald

  • Tiny harbinger of death lurking in our seas. Sydney Morning Herald
  • 2002

The in vivo cardiovascular effects of Irukandji (Carukia barnesi) venom [abstract]

  • Proceedings of the International Society of Toxinology XIIIth World Congress on Animal, Plant and Microbial Toxins
  • 2000