Fatal attraction: living with earthquakes, the growth of villages into megacities, and earthquake vulnerability in the modern world

@article{Jackson2006FatalAL,
  title={Fatal attraction: living with earthquakes, the growth of villages into megacities, and earthquake vulnerability in the modern world},
  author={James Jackson},
  journal={Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences},
  year={2006},
  volume={364},
  pages={1911 - 1925}
}
  • J. Jackson
  • Published 15 August 2006
  • Geology
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
The great earthquake belt which stretches from the Mediterranean through the Middle East into Central Asia results from the ongoing collision between the Eurasian plate and the African, Arabian and Indian plates to the south. Through much of this belt, the topography is created and controlled by fault movement in earthquakes. Many habitations are located at the foot of the fault-controlled mountain range-fronts that bound inhospitable deserts or elevated plateaus, in positions that are… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Earthquake in Nepal: A Miserable Environmental Hazard Visited by Nature

Indian and Tibetan tectonic plates and therefore lies in a seismically active region. Historical data evidence the occurrence of destructive great earthquakes in the past. Earthquakes are caused

Vulnerability and the Erosion of Seismic Culture in Mountainous Central Asia

Abstract Vulnerability to earthquake disasters in mountainous regions frequently escapes investigation and analysis. The tragic and costly earthquake disasters that have recently occurred in Central

Living with Earthquakes along the Silk Road

  • M. Kázmér
  • Engineering
    Socio-Environmental Dynamics along the Historical Silk Road
  • 2019
Earthquakes are among the most horrible events of nature due to unexpected occurrence, for which no spiritual means are available for protection. The only way of preserving life and property is to

On the Value of Earthquake Scenario: The Kathmandu Recent Lesson

The past two decades have been punctuated by large-scale natural events that produced huge losses whether related to hydrological, atmospheric, or even rare geological hazards. Over the second half

The seismic future of cities

AbstractThe final projected doubling in Earth’s population in the next half century, requires an additional 1 billion housing units, more dwellings constructed in a single generation than at any time

REFLECTION ON SOME 21 CENTURY EARTHQUAKES

This paper attempts to reflect on the question of how have we fared over the seismic events in the 21st century? By means of select events, some of the important recent lessons are highlighted, and

At the Crossroad of Nature and Culture in Iran: The Landscapes of Risk and Resilience of Seismic Space

The landscapes as well as cultural landscapes of seismic space in Iran are highly influenced and controlled by fault lines and undoubtedly, by the earthquakes. The contribution of fault lines to the
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 36 REFERENCES

Urban Earthquake Fatalities: A Safer World, or Worse to Come?

The global fatality count from earthquakes continues to rise. This has occurred despite the adoption of earthquake-resistant building codes in most countries where damaging earthquakes have

Trends in Global Urban Earthquake Risk: A Call to the International Earth Science and Earthquake Engineering Communities

There is a new “seismic gap” that we—members of the international Earth science and earthquake engineering communities, including members of the Seismological Society of America (SSA) and the

The Dahuiyeh (Zarand) earthquake of 2005 February 22 in central Iran: reactivation of an intramountain reverse fault

We used seismic body waves, radar interferometry and field investigation to examine the source processes of the destructive earthquake of 2005 February 22 near Zarand, in south–central Iran. The

The 1994 Sefidabeh earthquakes in eastern Iran: blind thrusting and bedding‐plane slip on a growing anticline, and active tectonics of the Sistan suture zone

Summary In 1994 a sequence of five earthquakes with Mw 5.5–6.2 occurred in the Sistan belt of eastern Iran, all of them involving motion on blind thrusts with centroid depths of 5–10 km. Coseismic

The 1994 Sefidabeh (eastern Iran) earthquakes revisited: new evidence from satellite radar interferometry and carbonate dating about the growth of an active fold above a blind thrust fault

In 1994, three shallow earthquakes of Mw∼ 6 occurred close together on blind thrusts near Sefidabeh in eastern Iran. In an earlier study of the teleseismic waveforms, the geomorphology and the

Earthquake hazard and vulnerability in the northeastern Mediterranean: the Corinth earthquake sequence of February-March 1981.

TLDR
For the Greece - Turkey region quantitative relations between these factors have been developed, which, in spite of the inaccuracies in the available data, allow crude estimates of the damage following a particular size earthquake to be made.

Surface expression of thrust faulting in eastern Iran: source parameters and surface deformation of the 1978 Tabas and 1968 Ferdows earthquake sequences

SUMMARY Previously unrecognised thrust faults in eastern Iran were responsible for a destructive earthquake at Tabas (1978, September 16), which produced over 80 km of distributed and discontinuous

The 2003 Bam (Iran) earthquake: Rupture of a blind strike‐slip fault

An Mw 6.5 earthquake devastated the town of Bam in southeast Iran on 26 December 2003. Surface displacements and decorrelation effects, mapped using Envisat radar data, reveal that over 2 m of slip