Fatal Intravenous Injection of Electronic Nicotine Delivery System Refilling Solution

  title={Fatal Intravenous Injection of Electronic Nicotine Delivery System Refilling Solution},
  author={Stephen L. Thornton and Lisa Oller and Tama S Sawyer},
  journal={Journal of Medical Toxicology},
The popularity of electronic cigarettes or electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) is increasing. Data from the 2012 National Youth Tobacco Survey demonstrates a nearly 50 % increase in ENDS usage over the last year among middle and high school students [1]. Similar increases in usage have been seen in adults [2]. ENDS are devices which vaporize a nicotine-containing solution so it can be inhaled [3]. In many cases, these devices can be refilled with nicotine-containing solutions called… CONTINUE READING
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