Fatal Attack on an Adult Female Cercopithecus mitis erythrarchus: Implications for Female Dispersal in Female-Bonded Societies

  title={Fatal Attack on an Adult Female Cercopithecus mitis erythrarchus: Implications for Female Dispersal in Female-Bonded Societies},
  author={Hallam F. P. Payne and Michael J. Lawes and Stephanus Peter Henzi},
  journal={International Journal of Primatology},
Female dispersal is uncommon among female-bonded primate societies, even though at times there may be considerable incentive to do so, e.g., to avoid potentially infanticidal males. Predation risk and the advantages of sharing the costs of group living, such as infanticide and resource defense, with close kin are assumed to limit female dispersal. However, we show that these costs may not be as important as the risks associated with integration into a new group in female-bonded societies. We… 
Female dispersal in a female-philopatric species, Cebus capucinus
Long-term demographic and behavioural data on three groups of C. capucinus residing in Santa Rosa, Costa Rica between 1986 and 2007 provided further evidence of the large impact that the movement and actions of adult male white-faced capuchins have on the lives of females in this species.
Infanticide in Cercopithecus mitis stuhlmanni in the Kakamega Forest, Kenya: Variation in the Occurrence of an Adaptive Behavior
The most important determinant of infant fate was male identity, a finding consistent with 2 scenarios: 1) an infanticidal tendency may be influenced by a genetic polymorphism that is not fixed in this population or 2)infanticidal behavior may be a conditional male strategy.
Dispersal patterns of females in the genus Gorilla
A mathematical model and empirical results from western gorillas suggest that variability in male quality may resolve both paradoxes and help to explain why dispersal is common among gorilla populations, even if the benefits are not yet fully apparent.
Changes in ranging and agonistic behavior of vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops) after predator‐induced group fusion
The observations presented here reveal that the circumstances surrounding group fusions are more variable than previously realized, but are still in accordance with expectations from socio‐ecological theory that predation can favor the formation of larger groups.
Does dispersal cause reproductive delays in female mountain gorillas
It is concluded that transfers may not delay reproduction of parous females, but conversely, dispersal may become more likely when successful reproduction is delayed for any reason, and a preliminary mathematical model is presented to predict how much of a delay a transferring female could afford, if offspring mortality were reduced in her new group.
Variable participation in the defense of communal feeding territories by blue monkeys in the Kakamega Forest, Kenya
While blue monkey groups often defend feeding territories against their neighbours, group members do not participate equally. Data spanning 5 years and 5 wild groups were used to address factors that
Genetic Analysis of Migration Pattern of Female Bonobos (Pan paniscus) Among Three Neighboring Groups
The results suggest that female bonobos do not disperse far from their natal groups, which may be because they usually transfer between groups during intergroup encounters.
The Infertility Trap: The Fertility Costs of Group-Living in Mammalian Social Evolution
Mammal social groups vary considerably in size from single individuals to very large herds. In some taxa, these groups are extremely stable, with at least some individuals being members of the same
Male-inflicted wounds have opposite effects on hair cortisol for captive male and female rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) following new group formation
It is found that male- but not female-pattern traumas predicted hair cortisol concentrations during the first 9 months after new group formation, but in opposite ways for males and females, and it is suggested that the apparent importance of male-pattern trauma, but notFemale-pattern-trauma, in predicting higherhair cortisol concentrations in females can be attributed to the more acutely intense but less persistent nature of male aggression toward females.


A study group of blue monkeys in the Kakamega Forest, Kenya, provides data on friendly relationships between adult females. Females are invariably antagonistic toward members of other groups, and
Determinants of female dispersal in Thomas langurs
  • E. Sterck
  • Biology, Psychology
    American journal of primatology
  • 1997
The observations in the present study suggest that females transferred to reduce the risk of infanticide, and female dispersal may have another ultimate advantage as well, namely inbreeding avoidance.
The Reproductive Strategies of Samango Monkeys (Cercopithecus mitis erythrarchus).
Observations of infanticide by adult males during this study suggested that such behaviour is an adaptive strategy for males after troop takeover, and that infanticides risk may have selected for infanticIDE avoidance behaviours in males and females.
Adult Female Cercopithecus diana Employ Canine Teeth to Kill Another Adult Female C. diana
The death of a female Cercopithecus diana in the Taï Forest, Ivory Coast is reported, the first published description of unambiguous use of canine teeth as weapons by free-ranging female forest-dwelling guenons, to demonstrate that female C. diana species can engage in lethal intrasexual combat and can inflict serious wounds via their canines.
The Langurs of Abu: Female and Male Strategies of Reproduction
"The Langurs of Abu" is the first book to analyze behavior of wild primates from the standpoint of both sexes, and is also a poignant and sophisticated exploration of primate behavior patterns from a feminist point of view.
Competition and the Exchange of Grooming Among Female Samango Monkeys (Cercopithecus Mitis Erythrarchus)
The results support the prediction that WGC effects on female relationships will always be greater than the cohesive effects of BGC, and show that a simple 'egalitarian' description of C. mitis female relationships is insufficient.
Differential Costs of Locational and Social Dispersal and Their Consequences for Female Group-Living Primates
It is suggested that when there are few, if any, costs of social and locational dispersal (inferred from moderate to extensive home range overlap and the absence of aggression between groups of females), female transfer in Old World anthropoids will be obligate when groups of Females cannot be monopolized by a single male.
Infanticide risk and the evolution of male–female association in primates
A fundamental link between primate life history and social behaviour is demonstrated, the most basic type of variation in primate social organization is explained, and an additional determinant of social organization that may also operate in other mammals is proposed.
An Ecological Model of Female-Bonded Primate Groups
A model is presented to account for the evolution of FB groups in terms of ecological pressures on female relationships and suggests that relationships in most FB groups are ultimately related to feeding competition.
Fission and troop size in a mountain baboon population
Abstract Baboon, Papio cynocephalus populations show a circumscribed range of troop sizes, dependent on features of the habitat that set limits on the ability of animals to balance their time