Fat Embolism Syndrome

@article{Tavilolu2006FatES,
  title={Fat Embolism Syndrome},
  author={Korhan Taviloğlu and Hakan Teoman Yanar},
  journal={Surgery Today},
  year={2006},
  volume={37},
  pages={5-8}
}
Fat embolism syndrome (FES) was first described in 1862, but its frequency today is still unclear. A diagnosis of FES is often missed because of a subclinical illness or coexisting confusing injuries or disease. Fat embolism syndrome develops most commonly after orthopedic injuries, but it has also been reported after other forms of trauma such as severe burns, liver injury, closed-chest cardiac massage, bone marrow transplantation, and liposuction. Although FES usually presents as a… 
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TLDR
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References

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Fat embolism syndrome.
TLDR
If FES is diagnosed early, and pulmonary and cardiac functions are optimally supported, prognosis is very good, and early supportive pulmonary therapy and other resuscitative measures may halt the pathophysiologic cascade and prevent clinical deterioration.
Traumatic fat embolism syndrome.
TLDR
A patient with traumatic fat embolism syndrome who developed the syndromes classical symptoms and signs following fracture of the long bones of his left lower leg is reported, which led to his improvement and allowed eventual open reduction and internal fixation and discharge of his patient.
Fat embolism syndrome.
TLDR
Clinical patent postfracture FES is rare, significantly more frequent in patients with several at-risk fractures than in those with one at- risk fracture, and prognosis appears to be more directly related to ISS than to FES itself.
Fat embolism and the fat embolism syndrome. A double-blind therapeutic study.
TLDR
This drug maintained arterial oxygen levels, stabilised or reduced the serum level of free fatty acids, and decreased the risk of the fat embolism syndrome in a statistically significant proportion of patients.
Fat embolism syndrome. A 10-year review.
TLDR
A 10-year review of the experiences at a level I trauma center found that fat embolism syndrome remains a diagnosis of exclusion and is based on clinical criteria, and the management of FES remains primarily supportive.
Post-traumatic fat embolism--its clinical and subclinical presentations.
TLDR
A prospective study of post-traumatic fat embolism among a group of Chinese patients suffering from fractures demonstrated an incidence of 8.75% in fracture patients with overt clinical features and a mortality rate of 2.5%, which suggested a high incidence of subclinical presentation.
Fat embolism syndrome: Prospective evaluation in 92 fracture patients
TLDR
The minimum incidence of FES in LBPF is 11%, and four patient groups were established: No Qsp, Qsp with pulmonary injury (Qsp+PI), Qsp without pulmonary injury or petechaie (FES – P), and QspWithout pulmonary injury and with petechiae (Fes + P).
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The authors report a case of pulmonary fat embolism syndrome without identifiable cause that was seen on chest radiographs and high-resolution computed tomography as diffuse ground-glass attenuation,
Fat embolism prophylaxis with corticosteroids. A prospective study in high-risk patients.
The efficacy of corticosteroid treatment in the prophylaxis of the fat embolism syndrome was evaluated in a prospective, randomized, double-blind study of high-risk patients with long-bone fractures.
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