Nitroxyl (HNO): A Reduced Form of Nitric Oxide with Distinct Chemical, Pharmacological, and Therapeutic Properties
Iron(II) porphyrin nitrosyl complexes are obtained in high yields from the reaction of iron(III) porphyrins with the nitroxyl donors sodium trioxodinitrate and toluensulfohydroxamic acid. The reaction was found to proceed both in organic solvents and in aqueous media from iron(III) (meso-tetraphenyl) porphyrinate ([FeIII(TPP)]+) and iron(III) meso-tetrakis (4-sulfonatophenyl) porphyrinate ([FeIII(TPPS)]3-) or iron(III) protoporphyrin IX, respectively. The kinetic rate constant for the reaction of ([FeIII(TPPS)]3-) with sodium trioxodinitrate (kon) was estimated to be 1.00 +/- 0.04 x 107 M-1 s-1. As well as resulting in a versatile method for obtaining ferrous nitrosyl porphyrins, the reaction points at ferric porphyrins as efficient nitroxyl traps and provides a tool to model nitroxyl reactivity toward hemeproteins.