Fast learning but coarse discrimination of colours in restrained honeybees.

  title={Fast learning but coarse discrimination of colours in restrained honeybees.},
  author={Claudia Niggebr{\"u}gge and G{\'e}rard Leboulle and Randolf Menzel and Bernhard Komischke and Natalie Hempel de Ibarra},
  journal={The Journal of experimental biology},
  volume={212 Pt 9},
Colours are quickly learnt by free-moving bees in operant conditioning settings. In the present study, we report a method using the classical conditioning of the proboscis extension response (PER) in restrained honeybees (Apis mellifera), which allows bees to learn colours after just a few training trials. We further analysed how visual learning and discrimination is influenced by the quality of a stimulus by systematically varying the chromatic and achromatic properties of the stimuli. Using… CONTINUE READING
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