Fast-food and commercial baked goods consumption and the risk of depression

  title={Fast-food and commercial baked goods consumption and the risk of depression},
  author={Almudena S{\'a}nchez-Villegas and Estefan{\'i}a Toledo and Jokin de Irala and Miguel Ru{\'i}z-Canela and Jorge Pla-Vidal and Miguel Angel Mart{\'i}nez-Gonz{\'a}lez},
  journal={Public Health Nutrition},
  pages={424 - 432}
Abstract Objective Whereas the relationship between some components of diet, such as n-3 fatty acids and B-vitamins, and depression risk has been extensively studied, the role of fast-food or processed pastries consumption has received little attention. Design Consumption of fast food (hamburgers, sausages, pizza) and processed pastries (muffins, doughnuts, croissants) was assessed at baseline through a validated semi-quantitative FFQ. Participants were classified as incident cases of… 

Ultra-processed food consumption and the incidence of depression in a Mediterranean cohort: the SUN Project

A positive association between UPF consumption and the risk of depression that was strongest among participants with low levels of physical activity is found, which suggests that UPF might also be associated with depression.

Commercial Bakery, Fast-Food, and Soft Drink Consumption and Quality of Life in the SUN Project

The results suggest that high consumption of commercial bakery, fast-food and soft drinks at baseline was associated with worse scores on self-perceived quality of life, and this association was stronger for the mental domains of the SF-36.

Frequency of Junk Food and Depression in Children

This research shows a positive correlation between consumption of junk food and occurrence of depression in children.

Food consumption and depression among Brazilian adults: results from the Brazilian National Health Survey, 2013.

The results add evidence on a possible role of food consumption in depression; future longitudinal studies should explore the mechanisms of these associations.

Prospective association between ultra-processed food consumption and incident depressive symptoms in the French NutriNet-Santé cohort

Overall, UPF consumption was positively associated with the risk of incident depressive symptoms, suggesting that accounting for this non-nutritional aspect of the diet could be important for mental health promotion.

A longitudinal analysis of diet quality scores and the risk of incident depression in the SUN Project

Better adherence to the MDS, PDP and AHEI-2010 was associated with a reduced risk of depression among Spanish adults, and the data suggested a threshold effect so that although therisk of depression was reduced when comparing moderate versus lower adherence, there was not much extra benefit for the comparison between moderate and high or very high adherence.


  • Kevin Lim
  • Medicine
    JIMKI: Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Kedokteran Indonesia
  • 2022
Excessive consumption of junk food can increase the risk of depression, and there is a significant relationship between fast food consumption and depression, but not significant to family income and physical activity.

Vitamin B1 Intake in Multiple Sclerosis Patients and its Impact on Depression Presence: A Pilot Study

A significant negative correlation between depression and the intake of thiamine and total carbohydrates was observed, which could explain the influence of MS patients’ eating habits, and consequently vitamin B1 activity, on depression levels.

Consumo alimentar e depressão em adultos brasileiros: resultados da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde de 2013

There is an indication of a possible role of food in depression: being regular sweets consumption and regular replacement of meals for snacks associated with higher probability of depression, and regular consumption of beans associated with less probability.



Association of the Mediterranean dietary pattern with the incidence of depression: the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra/University of Navarra follow-up (SUN) cohort.

The results suggest a potential protective role of the MDP with regard to the prevention of depressive disorders; additional longitudinal studies and trials are needed to confirm these findings.

Association of Western and traditional diets with depression and anxiety in women.

An association between habitual diet quality and the high-prevalence mental disorders is demonstrated, although reverse causality and confounding cannot be ruled out as explanations.

Dietary linoleic and oleic fatty acids in relation to severe depressed mood: 10 years follow-up of a national cohort

Relative validity of a semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire in an elderly Mediterranean population of Spain

FFQ measurements had good reproducibility and a relative validity similar to those of FFQ used in other prospective studies, according to the Pearson correlation coefficient and intraclass correlation coefficient.

Long chain omega-3 fatty acids intake, fish consumption and mental disorders in the SUN cohort study

A potential benefit of w-3 PUFA intake on total mental disorders is suggested, although no linear trend was apparent.

Reproducibility and validity of dietary patterns assessed with a food-frequency questionnaire.

Data indicate reasonable reproducibility and validity of the major dietary patterns defined by factor analysis using dietary data collected with a food-frequency questionnaire with data from an FFQ.

Association between dietary patterns and plasma biomarkers of obesity and cardiovascular disease risk.

Major dietary patterns are predictors of plasma biomarkers of CVD and obesity risk, suggesting that the effect of overall diet on CVD risk may be mediated through these biomarkers.

Food consumption frequency and perceived stress and depressive symptoms among students in three European countries

Data show consistent associations between unhealthy food consumption and depressive symptoms and perceived stress among female students from three European countries, but not among male students, which suggests that efforts to reduce depressive Symptoms and stress amongfemale students may also lead to the consumption of healthier foods and/or vice-versa.