Fast and slow activation of voltage-dependent ion channels in radish vacuoles.

  title={Fast and slow activation of voltage-dependent ion channels in radish vacuoles.},
  author={Franco Gambale and Alberto M. Cant{\`u} and Armando Carpaneto and Bernhard U. Keller},
  journal={Biophysical journal},
  volume={65 5},
The molecular processes associated with voltage-dependent opening and closing (gating) of ion channels were investigated using a new preparation from plant cells, i.e., voltage and calcium-activated ion channels in radish root vacuoles. These channels display a main single channel conductance of approximately 90 pS and are characterized by long activation times lasting several hundreds of milliseconds. Here, we demonstrate that these channels have a second kinetically distinct activation mode… CONTINUE READING
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