Fast and quantitative recovery of hydrophobic and amphipathic peptides after incorporation into phospholipid membranes.

Abstract

A new method that allows fast and quantitative recovery of hydrophobic or amphipathic peptides, or both, after their intimate incorporation into lipid membranes, is proposed. It relies on the use of small Sep-Pak cartridges and simple chromatographic handling. Peptides selected for this study are the 35 amino acid transmembrane domain of the Neu/erbB-2 protein and its point mutated (V664E) analogue expressed in some cancers, the 25 amino acid BH4 domain from the Bcl-2 antiapoptotic protein and the 15 amino acid Catestatin segment from chromogranin A found to have antimicrobial capabilities. Incorporation of peptides into membranes is accomplished using organic solvent cosolubilization and several cycles of freeze-drying/hydration from aqueous solution. For the hydrophobic peptides, separation from the membrane is performed on Sep-Pak C2 columns in two steps: (i) water/methanol elution of lipids and (ii) peptide elution using aprotic solvents (acetonitrile, 2-propanol). For amphipathic peptides, separation is performed on Sep-Pak C(18) columns using selective elution in one single step: water/methanol elution to recover first the peptide and then the lipids. Peptide and lipid recovery after all purification steps range from 60 to 80%, with peptide purity above 96%. This new method is simple, inexpensive, and very fast: a 10-mg membranous mixture containing 10% (w/w) peptide may be separated in 20-30 min.

Cite this paper

@article{Khemtmourian2006FastAQ, title={Fast and quantitative recovery of hydrophobic and amphipathic peptides after incorporation into phospholipid membranes.}, author={Lucie Khemt{\'e}mourian and Katell Bathany and Jean-Marie Schmitter and Erick J. Dufourc}, journal={Analytical chemistry}, year={2006}, volume={78 15}, pages={5348-53} }