Farmers and Their Languages: The First Expansions

@article{Diamond2003FarmersAT,
  title={Farmers and Their Languages: The First Expansions},
  author={Jared M. Diamond and Peter Bellwood},
  journal={Science},
  year={2003},
  volume={300},
  pages={597 - 603}
}
The largest movements and replacements of human populations since the end of the Ice Ages resulted from the geographically uneven rise of food production around the world. The first farming societies thereby gained great advantages over hunter-gatherer societies. But most of those resulting shifts of populations and languages are complex, controversial, or both. We discuss the main complications and specific examples involving 15 language families. Further progress will depend on… 
11 Human migrations and the histories of major language families
This chapter continues the theme of chapter 10, in this case with respect to the expansions of major language families as a result of the demographic increases and dispersals of Holocene human
10 Neolithic migrations: food production and population expansion
This chapter introduces the development of food production amongst Holocene human societies and discusses the likely repercussions in terms of population growth and territorial expansion, as visible
Agriculture and Language Dispersals
Among the grandest and most controversial proposals for a holistic, cross‐disciplinary prehistory for humanity is the hypothesis that it was the adoption of agriculture that lay behind the dispersals
On explicit ‘replacement’ models in Island Southeast Asia: a reply to Stephen Oppenheimer
The simplest form of the basic hypothesis – that prehistoric agriculture dispersed handin-hand with human genes and languages – is that farmers and their culture replace neighbouring hunter-gatherers
Non-human genetics, agricultural origins and historical linguistics in South Asia
Book description: South Asia is home to a diverse range of prehistoric and contemporary cultures that include foragers, pastoralists, and farmers. In this book, archaeologists, biological
Inferring the Demographic History of African Farmers and Pygmy Hunter–Gatherers Using a Multilocus Resequencing Data Set
TLDR
The branching history of Pygmy hunter–gatherers and agricultural populations from Africa and estimated separation times and gene flow between these populations are studied to increase knowledge of the history of the peopling of the African continent in a region lacking archaeological data.
Dynamics of human diversity: The case of mainland Southeast Asia
Human diversity is the central problem of all the fields of anthropology. Our languages, our genetics, our material cultures, our social organization: these are woven together by the ancient
Coretention of Words and Genes on the Island of Sumba , Eastern Indonesia
  • Biology
  • 2009
TLDR
The proportion of words and of genes that can be traced to Austronesian origins varies across the island with a positive correlation between the percentage of Y chromosome lineages derived from Austronesia ancestors and retained cognates of the Proto-Austronesian language.
The peopling of the African continent and the diaspora into the new world.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 102 REFERENCES
EARLY AGRICULTURALIST POPULATION DIASPORAS ?F ARMING ,L ANGUAGES, AND GENES
▪ Abstract The consequences of early agricultural development in several regions of the Old and New Worlds included population growth, the spread of new material cultures and of food-producing
The Origins and Spread of Agriculture and Pastoralism in Eurasia
Introduction, David Harris. Part 1 Thematic perspectives: growing plants and raising animals - an anthropological perspective on domestication, Tim Ingold ecology, evolutionary theory and
The prehistory of the Austronesian-speaking peoples: A view from language
Prior to the European colonial expansions of the past several centuries the Austronesian (AN) language family had the greatest geographical extent of any on earth, including in its territory areas
The Origins of Agriculture in the Lowland Neotropics
Background of Tropical Agricultural Origins. The Neotropical Ecosystem in the Present and the Past. The Phytogeography of Neotropical Crops and Their Putative wild Ancestors. The Evolution of
The neolithic transition and the genetics of populations in Europe.
time ofour evolution on earth in this universe, we are facing “a fork in the road” (p. 16 1 ), and he thinks we have a choice! His preferred road is one that leads to a “universal society” (p. 162).
Horse, wagon & chariot: Indo-European languages and archaeology
New discoveries across the steppe zone of eastern Europe, and new dates relating to those discoveries, keep that oldest of archaeological puzzles, the Indo-European question, happily unanswered. A
Late prehistoric exploitation of the Eurasian steppe
Until recently, our view of the later prehistory of the Eurasian steppe was that of nomadic pastoralist warriors riding out of the grasslands to destroy peaceful agriculturalist communities left
On the Antiquity of Agriculture in Ethiopia
  • C. Ehret
  • History, Economics
    The Journal of African History
  • 1979
From various kinds of evidence it can now be argued that agriculture in Ethiopia and the Horn was quite ancient, originating as much as 7,000 or more years ago, and that its development owed nothing
The archaeology of Lapita dispersal in Oceania : papers from the Fourth Lapita Conference, June 2000, Canberra, Australia
Interestingly, Barham sees the development of large double-outrigger canoes in Torres Strait as an endogenous development. Aboriginal interactions with Macassans are the subject of Clarke’s paper.
Y-chromosome variation and Irish origins
TLDR
Ireland's position on the western edge of Europe suggests that the genetics of its population should have been relatively undisturbed by the demographic movements that have shaped variation on the mainland, but significant differences in genetic frequency between those of Irish Gaelic and of foreign origin are found.
...
...