Far Red Bioluminescence from Two Deep-Sea Fishes

  title={Far Red Bioluminescence from Two Deep-Sea Fishes},
  author={E. A. Widder and Michael I. Latz and Peter J. Herring and James F. Case},
  pages={512 - 514}
Spectral measurements of red bioluminescence were obtained from the deep-sea stomiatoid fishes Aristostomias scintillans (Gilbert) and Malacosteus niger (Ayres). Red luminescence from suborbital light organs extends to the near infrared, with peak emission at approximately 705 nanometers in the far red. These fishes also have postorbital light organs that emit blue luminescence with maxima between 470 and 480 nanometers. The red bioluminescence may be due to an energy transfer system and… 
Long-wave sensitivity in deep-sea stomiid dragonfish with far-red bioluminescence: evidence for a dietary origin of the chlorophyll-derived retinal photosensitizer of Malacosteus niger.
Three genera of deep-sea loose-jawed dragonfish are sensitive in this part of the spectrum, to which all other animals of the deep sea are blind, potentially affording them a private waveband for illuminating prey and for interspecific communication that is immune from detection by predators and prey.
Red bioluminescence in fishes: on the suborbital photophores of Malacosteus, Pachystomias and Aristostomias
Fluorescence measurements from the intact suborbital photophores, and from their exposed cores, confirm the previous hypothesis that the red light emitted by Malacosteus is spectrally altered by a superficial shortwave cutoff brown filter.
On the visual pigments of deep‐sea fish
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The spectral characteristics of single identified epipelagic sources of bioluminescence from the western Sargasso Sea were measured with an optical multichannel analyzer (OMA) system during the April, 1985, Biowatt cruise, suggesting that the spectral emissions in the upper water column will vary, based on species assemblage.
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The visual pigments of a deep‐sea myctophid fish Myctophum nitidulum Garman; an HPLC and spectroscopic description of a non‐paired rhodopsin–porphyropsin system
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Interspecific variation in the visual pigments of deep-sea fishes
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Energy transfer in a bioluminescent system
Many (but not all) of the bioluminescent systems in coelenter‐ates involve energy transfer from an excited product molecule of the calcium activated photoprotein to a second species, the green
Optical properties of the clearest natural waters (200-800 nm).
A comparative analysis and new data allow a consistent and accurate set of optical properties for the clearest natural waters and for pure fresh water and saltwater to be estimated from 300 to 800 nm.
The spectral characteristics of luminous marine organisms
  • P. Herring
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. Biological Sciences
  • 1983
Measurements of the bioluminescent emission spectra of a wide range of marine animals demonstrate considerable differences between taxa in both the position of the peak emission and the half bandwidth, and the ecological value of the observed spectral differences is discussed.
‘Yellow lens’ eyes of a stomiatoid deep-sea fish, Malacosteus niger
  • H. Somiya
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. Biological Sciences
  • 1982
Bright yellow lenses were found in the eyes of the stomiatoid deep-sea fish, Malacosteus niger Ayres, and chemical evidence is presented showing that the tapetal material is an astaxanthin ester.
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    • 1972