Far Red Bioluminescence from Two Deep-Sea Fishes

  title={Far Red Bioluminescence from Two Deep-Sea Fishes},
  author={E. A. Widder and Michael I. Latz and Peter J. Herring and James F. Case},
  pages={512 - 514}
Spectral measurements of red bioluminescence were obtained from the deep-sea stomiatoid fishes Aristostomias scintillans (Gilbert) and Malacosteus niger (Ayres). Red luminescence from suborbital light organs extends to the near infrared, with peak emission at approximately 705 nanometers in the far red. These fishes also have postorbital light organs that emit blue luminescence with maxima between 470 and 480 nanometers. The red bioluminescence may be due to an energy transfer system and… 

Red bioluminescence in fishes: on the suborbital photophores of Malacosteus, Pachystomias and Aristostomias

Fluorescence measurements from the intact suborbital photophores, and from their exposed cores, confirm the previous hypothesis that the red light emitted by Malacosteus is spectrally altered by a superficial shortwave cutoff brown filter.

On the visual pigments of deep‐sea fish

Seven species were shown to have more than one visual pigment within their retinae and these had λmax values that generally fell outside the usual range and one of these, Bonapartia pedaliota, was particularly interesting as it had one rhodopsin and one porphyropsin pigment, apparently based on different opsins.

Spectral composition of bioluminescence of epipelagic organisms from the Sargasso Sea

The spectral characteristics of single identified epipelagic sources of bioluminescence from the western Sargasso Sea were measured with an optical multichannel analyzer (OMA) system during the April, 1985, Biowatt cruise, suggesting that the spectral emissions in the upper water column will vary, based on species assemblage.

Bioluminescence of Tomopteridae species (Annelida) : multidisciplinary approach

This work aims to explore the functional hypothesis of bioluminescence in Tomopteris helgolandica as main model species and in four related species, suggesting that both gland types evolved from a common light-emitting structure and differentiated along a functional and migrational axis.

The visual pigments of a deep‐sea myctophid fish Myctophum nitidulum Garman; an HPLC and spectroscopic description of a non‐paired rhodopsin–porphyropsin system

The retina of the myctophid (lanternfish) Myctophum nitidulum was found to contain two visual pigments, shown by extract spectrophotometry to be maximally sensitive at 468 and 522 nm, respectively, giving this species one of the broadest spectral ranges of all deep-sea fishes.

Interspecific variation in the visual pigments of deep-sea fishes

Evidence is presented, in the form ofλmax spectral clustering, that indicates the degree of molecular constraint imposed on the evolution of visual pigments in the deep-sea and some 2-pigment species which have unusual red sensitivity, also have red-emitting photophores.



‘Yellow lens’ eyes of a stomiatoid deep-sea fish, Malacosteus niger

  • H. Somiya
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. Biological Sciences
  • 1982
Bright yellow lenses were found in the eyes of the stomiatoid deep-sea fish, Malacosteus niger Ayres, and chemical evidence is presented showing that the tapetal material is an astaxanthin ester.

The spectral characteristics of luminous marine organisms

  • P. Herring
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. Biological Sciences
  • 1983
Measurements of the bioluminescent emission spectra of a wide range of marine animals demonstrate considerable differences between taxa in both the position of the peak emission and the half bandwidth, and the ecological value of the observed spectral differences is discussed.


Evidence is presented that the narrow bandwidth of the emission spectrum for Argyropelecus affinis (Pisces) is due to filters in the photophores, and a large collection of bioluminescence spectra of precision rarely obtained previously with such material is acquired.

Energy transfer in a bioluminescent system

Many (but not all) of the bioluminescent systems in coelenter‐ates involve energy transfer from an excited product molecule of the calcium activated photoprotein to a second species, the green

Optical properties of the clearest natural waters (200-800 nm).

A comparative analysis and new data allow a consistent and accurate set of optical properties for the clearest natural waters and for pure fresh water and saltwater to be estimated from 300 to 800 nm.


Evidence is developing for interesting interand intra-phyletic similarities, especially in the structure of luciferins and the chemiluminescent reaction mechanisms.

For multiple measurements, Xma. and FWHM are expressed as the mean ± standard deviation. Measurements with signal to noise ratios below 30 were not included

    Blue light (470 nm) is attenuated by 2 percent, far red light (700 nm) by 48 percent, and near infrared light (760 nm) by 92 percent per meter of clear ocean water

    • 1972