Far Reach of the Tenth Century Eldgjá Eruption, Iceland

  title={Far Reach of the Tenth Century Eldgj{\'a} Eruption, Iceland},
  author={Richard B. Stothers},
  journal={Climatic Change},
  • R. Stothers
  • Published 1 August 1998
  • Environmental Science
  • Climatic Change
At the end of Iceland's settlement period in the 10th century, a great basalt fissure eruption known as Eldgjá (Fire Chasm) occurred near the southern settlements and destroyed a portion of them. This lava outpouring was one of the two largest terrestrial fissure eruptions of the last 11 centuries. Historical documents from Iceland, western Europe, and the Middle East are used to trace the eruption's possible climatic and demographic consequences. The cloud of aerosols from the eruption… 
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