Famine and Reform in North Korea

  title={Famine and Reform in North Korea},
  author={Marcus Noland},
  journal={Asian Economic Papers},
North Korea has been in a food emergency for more than a decade and in the 1990s experienced a famine that may have claimed one million lives. The crisis is distinguished by its protracted nature, and although conditions have eased somewhat in recent years, the situation remains precarious, and the country could lapse back into famine. This paper reviews the origins of the North Korean food crisis, the impact of the 1990s famine, and the prospects for resolution of the emergency in light of… 
Famine in North Korea Redux?
In the 1990s, 600,000 to 1 million North Koreans, or about 3-5 percent of the pre-crisis population perished in one of the worst famines of the 20th century. North Korea is once again poised on the
Transition from the Bottom-Up: Institutional Change in North Korea
During the 1990s, a famine in North Korea killed perhaps 3–5 per cent of the population. In the context of this trauma, the state's inability to fulfill its normal obligations instigated an unmanaged
The Prospects of Economic Reform in North Korea: Comparisons with China, Vietnam and Yugoslavia
Abstract The article investigates the political and diplomatic factors influencing the prospects of North Korea's post-2002 experiment with market-oriented economic reforms. Comparing the North
Economic Reforms in North Korea (1998–2004): Systemic Restrictions, Quantitative Analysis, Ideological Background
North Korea started serious economic reforms in July 2002. The regime's credo is the coexistence of a state-directed economy and a market economy. The weight of the latter will be increased
Exit Polls: Refugee Assessments of North Korea's Transition
Results from a survey of more than 1,300 North Korean refugees in China provide insight into changing economic conditions in North Korea. There is modest evidence of slightly more positive
The Nature and Direction of Economic Reform in North Korea
In this article we critically examine the nature and direction of economic reform in North Korea. While North Korea began to experiment with reforms and a partial open-door policy in the mid-1980s,
North Korean Foreign Relations in the Post-Cold War World
Abstract : North Korea's foreign relations are a blend of contradiction and complexity. They start from the incongruity between Pyongyang's highly touted policy of juche, or self-reliance, and North
Market Socialism in North Korea: A Comparative Perspective
Abstract Since the 2002–2003 implementation of economic reforms by the North Korean government, scholars have debated whether they are an attempt at Chinese style reforms and thus a move towards
The North Korean Economy: Current Issues and Prospects
While the North Korean economy has emerged from a decade of negative growth, it is uncertain if the recovery is sustainable. This paper surveys the path the economy has taken, examines the issues of
The Possibility of Economic Reform in North Korea
Abstract This article argues that North Korea can achieve an economic catch-up after decades of economic isolation and stagnation by promoting an economic opening focused on foreign trade and


The great North Korean famine
Roots of the crisis inside North Korea - prefamine indicators the hidden famine surviving the famine - along the Chinese border the political economy of the famine the diplomacy of the famine the
The North Korean famine and its demographic impact.
On the basis of population projections model and other indirect sources of evidence it is estimated that famine-related deaths in the country most likely numbered between 600000 and 1 million in the period from 1995 to 2000.
Economic Integration of Korean Peninsula
The North Korean economy cannot sustain its population. Absent fundamental economic reforms, it will never be able to do so. Hence North Korea will require sizable external support for the
Avoiding the Apocalypse: The Future of the Two Koreas
On the Korean peninsula one of the greatest success stories of the postwar era confronts a famine-ridden--and possibly nuclear-armed--totalitarian state. The stakes are extraordinarily high for both
Reforms in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union in Light of the East Asian Experiences
  • J. Sachs
  • Political Science, Economics
  • 1995
During the past five years, there has been an important international debate over the style of market reforms in the former centrally planned economies of East Asia, Eastern Europe, and the former
Food shortages and economic institutions in the Democratic Peoples' Republic of Korea
This thesis aims to understand the 1987-99 food crisis in the DPRK. We begin by establishing the fact that the country faced several previous food shortages, including the 1945-46 urban foods crisis,
Assessing the Food Situation in North Korea
It is found that even with normal growing conditions North Korea would likely have a food deficit of about 2 million tons of grain and efforts to close this gap could include research and technological improvements, imports of agricultural products, relaxing restrictions on rural privatization, and relaxed trade barriers.
A Socialist Market Economy in North Korea? Systemic Restrictions and a Quantitative Analysis
The paper deals with the question of economic reforms in North Korea. In the first, theoretical part, it is attempted to highlight the serious restrictions for a clear-cut decision between the old
How to Stabilize: Lessons from Post-communist Countries
BETWEEN 1989 AND 1991 the collapse of the Soviet bloc brought down the established political system in a number of countries.' With the rapid decline of the communist party's power throughout the
The Current North Korean Economy
1. This chapter is based largely on the experience of EABC’s operations in North Korea. EABC has been responsible for nearly all the modern round of Western investment in the North, including Shell,