Family therapy for attention-deficit disorder or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents.

  title={Family therapy for attention-deficit disorder or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents.},
  author={Gretchen Bjornstad and Paul Montgomery},
  journal={The Cochrane database of systematic reviews},
BACKGROUND Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is diagnosed in between 3% and 7% of school-age children and consists of the core symptoms of inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. Children are often treated with medication, usually stimulant medication such as methylphenidate. Stimulant medication has been found to be effective for alleviating ADHD symptoms, at least in the short term. ADHD is also treated with a variety of psychosocial and psychoeducational interventions for… 

The Cochrane Library and Non‐Pharmacological Treatments for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents: An Overview of Reviews

An overview of reviews examining non-pharmacologic treatments for ADHD in children and adolescents found that there was no significant difference between meditation therapy compared to both drug therapy and standard treatment without drugs for decreasing symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity, distractibility or overall symptoms.

Attention‐deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Are we medicating for social disadvantage? (For)

  • D. Isaacs
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of paediatrics and child health
  • 2006
Better training in the management of ADHD and better access to child psychiatrists are needed and there is a potential danger of using stimulant medication alone to treat children with complex psychosocial problems, associated with social disadvantage, including Aboriginal children.

ADHD in children and adolescents.

A systematic review of the effectiveness and safety of the following interventions: atomoxetine, bupropion, clonidine, dexamfetamine sulphate, homeopathy, methylphenidate, modafinil, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, and psychological/behavioural treatment (either alone or in combination with a drug treatment).

Child-focused psychosocial interventions for children and adolescents with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): A systematic review and meta-analysis

The purpose of this dissertation was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of previous studies that assess the efficaciousness of child-focused psychosocial interventions for children and

Parent Involvement in Treatment for ADHD: A Meta-Analysis of the Published Studies

Given high rates of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosed in children, knowledge of effective treatment is crucial. To this end, a meta-analysis of parent-involved psychosocial

Psychosocial Treatments for ADHD

Synthesis of findings from the five top-rated reviews and the literature on ADHD suggest that psychosocial treatments contribute to improvements on behavioral and social outcomes.

The role of family phenomena in children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

  • Cynthia P PaidipatiJ. Deatrick
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of child and adolescent psychiatric nursing : official publication of the Association of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nurses, Inc
  • 2015
The research findings suggest family-related phenomena are essential and relevant to the investigation of children and adolescents with ADHD and worthwhile to explore in future research endeavors, especially in diverse populations.

Parenting Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

The prevalence of ADHD is estimated at 5–7% worldwide, which makes it one of the most common psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents. Children with Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Parenting experiences of living with a child with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a systematic review of qualitative evidence

The findings address the impact attention deficit hyperactivity disorder has on the everyday family, and how parents seem to adapt to their life situation in the process of accepting their child's disorder.

Enhanced Physical Activity Improves Selected Outcomes in Children With ADHD

Randomized controlled trials are needed to better clarify the relationship between PA and outcomes in youth with ADHD, and particularly to understand the impact of ADHD medications on that relationship.



Diagnosis and Treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents

Although some children are being diagnosed as having ADHD with insufficient evaluation and in some cases stimulant medication is prescribed when treatment alternatives exist, there is little evidence of widespread overdiagnosis or misdiagnosis of ADHD or ofidespread overprescription of methylphenidate by physicians.

Stimulant medication use by primary care physicians in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

A relatively modest rate of stimulant medication use for ADHD, but a serious underuse of systematic behavioral treatments in primary care is indicated.

Enhancing Behavioral and Social Skill Functioning in Children Newly Diagnosed with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in a Pediatric Setting

BSS training was well accepted and seemed to significantly improve BSS functioning among IG children in the home setting only, whereas CG children exhibited significantly lower parent-rated ADHD symptoms, whereas IG parents reported significantly better and more consistent discipline practices compared with CG parents across time.

Parental Knowledge of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Opinions of Treatment Options: Impact on Enrolment and Adherence to a 12-Month Treatment Trial

Providing information to parents regarding ADHD prior to offering treatment modalities could have a favourable impact on treatment enrolment and hence treatment adherence.

Parent-based therapies for preschool attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a randomized, controlled trial with a community sample.

PT is a valuable treatment for preschool ADHD and constructive training in parenting strategies is an important element in the success of parent-based interventions.

Evidenced-Based Treatment for Child ADHD: "Real-World" Practice Implications.

The purpose of this article is to discuss evidenced-based treatment for 7- to 1O-year-old children experiencing ADHD (combined type) with the goal of potentially informing "real-world" mental health

Psychosocial Treatment Strategies in the MTA Study: Rationale, Methods, and Critical Issues in Design and Implementation

The MTA's Psychosocial Treatment strategy applied to all children in two of the four experimental arms, and consisted of three major components: a Parent Training component, a two-part School Intervention component, and a child treatment component anchored in an intensive Summer Treatment Program.

Behavior therapy and methylphenidate in the treatment of children with ADHD

Behavior therapy delivered in school and home is not nearly as effective as methylphenidate for ADHD, but may be a useful adjunct to methylphenide, which was significantly superior to behavior therapy.

Changes in Hyperactivity and Temperament in Behaviourally Disturbed Preschoolers after Parent–Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT)

Abstract Changes in hyperactivity and temperament in preschool-aged children who underwent a behavioural management program with their mothers were examined. Families of 34 behaviourally disturbed