Family therapy for attention-deficit disorder or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents.

@article{Bjornstad2005FamilyTF,
  title={Family therapy for attention-deficit disorder or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents.},
  author={Gretchen Bjornstad and Paul Montgomery},
  journal={The Cochrane database of systematic reviews},
  year={2005},
  volume={2},
  pages={
          CD005042
        }
}
BACKGROUND Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is diagnosed in between 3% and 7% of school-age children and consists of the core symptoms of inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. Children are often treated with medication, usually stimulant medication such as methylphenidate. Stimulant medication has been found to be effective for alleviating ADHD symptoms, at least in the short term. ADHD is also treated with a variety of psychosocial and psychoeducational interventions for… 
The Cochrane Library and Non‐Pharmacological Treatments for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents: An Overview of Reviews
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An overview of reviews examining non-pharmacologic treatments for ADHD in children and adolescents found that there was no significant difference between meditation therapy compared to both drug therapy and standard treatment without drugs for decreasing symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity, distractibility or overall symptoms.
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The role of family phenomena in children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
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  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of child and adolescent psychiatric nursing : official publication of the Association of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nurses, Inc
  • 2015
TLDR
The research findings suggest family-related phenomena are essential and relevant to the investigation of children and adolescents with ADHD and worthwhile to explore in future research endeavors, especially in diverse populations.
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The prevalence of ADHD is estimated at 5–7% worldwide, which makes it one of the most common psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents. Children with Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
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Randomized controlled trials are needed to better clarify the relationship between PA and outcomes in youth with ADHD, and particularly to understand the impact of ADHD medications on that relationship.
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TLDR
Although some children are being diagnosed as having ADHD with insufficient evaluation and in some cases stimulant medication is prescribed when treatment alternatives exist, there is little evidence of widespread overdiagnosis or misdiagnosis of ADHD or ofidespread overprescription of methylphenidate by physicians.
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TLDR
A relatively modest rate of stimulant medication use for ADHD, but a serious underuse of systematic behavioral treatments in primary care is indicated.
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In this area of the Great Smoky Mountains, stimulant treatment was being used in ways substantially inconsistent with current diagnostic guidelines.
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BSS training was well accepted and seemed to significantly improve BSS functioning among IG children in the home setting only, whereas CG children exhibited significantly lower parent-rated ADHD symptoms, whereas IG parents reported significantly better and more consistent discipline practices compared with CG parents across time.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
The MTA's Psychosocial Treatment strategy applied to all children in two of the four experimental arms, and consisted of three major components: a Parent Training component, a two-part School Intervention component, and a child treatment component anchored in an intensive Summer Treatment Program.
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