Family processes and the competence of adolescents and primary school children

  title={Family processes and the competence of adolescents and primary school children},
  author={Paul R. Amato},
  journal={Journal of Youth and Adolescence},
  • P. Amato
  • Published 1 February 1988
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Associations were examined between 12 measures of family process and 6 measures of personal and social competence for 102 adolescents aged 15–16 and 99 children aged 8–9. Canonical correlations analysis revealed that general competence among primary school children was associated with high levels of support from parents, a high allocation of household responsibility, a high level of parental control, and a low level of parental punishment. Among adolescents, general competence was associated… 

Family Processes, Parent-Child Interactions, and Child Characteristics Influencing School-Based Social Adjustment.

This investigation examined the relationship between family processes and children's schoolbased social adjustment for a sample of 161 fourth-grade and 151 seventh-grade children. The study examined

The Relationship between Social Skills, Fathers' Involvement, and Economic Status in Preschool Children

The environment in which children are reared, including the level of parental involvement, significantly affects their social development. Thus, this study examined the association between fathers'

Parenting practices, child adjustment, and family diversity.

The authors used data from Waves 1 and 2 of the National Survey of Families and Households (NSFH) to test the generality of the links between parenting practices and child outcomes for children in

Adolescent family experiences and educational attainment during early adulthood.

Investigation of the degree to which a family investment model would help account for the association between family of origin socioeconomic characteristics and the later educational attainment of 451 young adults from 2-parent families found supportive parenting and sibling relations were linked toLater educational attainment through their association with adolescent academic engagement.

Relations Between Family Cohesion and Social Competence Among Youth Living in Poverty

RELATIONS BETWEEN FAMILY COHESION AND SOCIAL COMPETENCE AMONG YOUTH LIVING IN POVERTY by DeAngelo C. Gatlin Research abounds that explores the impact of economic disadvantage on youth and their

The Relation of Parental Qualities to Psychological Well-being, School Adjustment, and Problem Behavior in Chinese Adolescents with Economic Disadvantage

Adolescents with economic disadvantage ( N = 229) were asked to respond to instruments measuring their perceptions of parental qualities, psychological well-being, school adjustment, and problem

Good parents: Comparative studies of adolescents’ perceptions

A series of exploratory studies examined children’s perceptions of good parenting, focusing specifically on adolescents, through an open-ended question “What is a good parent?” First, developmental

Rule compliance and peer sociability: a study of family process, school-focused parent-child interactions, and children's classroom behavior.

Family processes and parent-child interactions about school issues were associated with children's personal characteristics, which predicted children's rule compliance and peer sociability, and many variables consistently predicted the same outcomes across grades.

Family Interactions, Exposure to Violence, and Emotion Regulation: Perceptions of Children and Early Adolescents at Risk.

This study examined the protective nature of youth reports of family interactions in relation to perceived exposure to violence and anger regulation in 84 children and early adolescents (mean age of

Long-term influence of divorce and single parenting on adolescent family- and work-related values, behaviors, and aspirations.

Particular focus is placed on those aspects of family interaction that impact on identity formation as it is linked to educational and occupational goals and to gender-role related behaviors associated with marriage, family, and job plans.



Family Climate and the Role of the Female Adolescent: Determinants of Adolescent Functioning.

Two groups of families were compared. In one group each family contained an adolescent girl who scored high on a number of psychological and social measures which reflect general maturity, including

Family Resources and the Development of Child Competence.

A model is presented linking two general classes offamily resources to forms of child competence. Resources are divided into "family structure resources, "such as parental income, education, and

Marital conflict, the parent–child relationship and child self-esteem.

This study investigated the association between levels of marital conflict and the self-esteem of 132 children aged 8-9 years and 142 adolescents aged 15-16 years selected randomly through the public

Family relationships and social competence during late adolescence

Significant positive relationships were found between family bonds and the social competence measures, which included social self-esteem, instrumentality, expressiveness, shyness, and degree of satisfaction/ease in same- and opposite-sex peer relationships.

Parental Behavior and Adolescent Self-Esteem.

In this study we examine the relationship between parental behavior as reported by parents, children's perceptions of parental behavior, and the effects of each on various aspects of children's

Adolescents' perception of aspects of the home environment and their attitudes toward parents, self, and external authority.

Factor analysis of 20 variables relating to adolescents' perception of their home environment suggested five factors: extent of punishment, amount of chores at home, perceived parental control, absence of parents, and parents' attitude toward authority figures.

Family Cohesiveness and Adolescent Autonomy in Decision-making

SynopsisUsing a Family Questionnaire, family cohesiveness and adolescent autonomy in decision-making were explored for a sample of 520 fifteen year olds, differing on the basis of sex, social class,

Interparental conflict and the children of discord and divorce.

  • R. Emery
  • Psychology
    Psychological bulletin
  • 1982
It is concluded that a relation between the two domains of marital turmoil and behavior problems in children exist and several parameters of this relation are outlined, including type of maritalmoil, form of the child's behavioral response, sex differences, age effects, parental buffering, and effects of parental psychopathology.

The timing of the first birth and changes in personal efficacy.

Examines the psychological consequences of the 1st birth from the life-course perspective. The 1st birth is seen as a major life event subject to normative constraints regarding its timing. It is

Child care practices anteceding three patterns of preschool behavior.

She is best known for her work on describing parental styles of child care and Anteceding Three Patterns of Preschool Behavior, Genetic Psychology.