Family hardship, family instability, and cognitive development

  title={Family hardship, family instability, and cognitive development},
  author={Ingrid Schoon and Elizabeth Jones and Helen Cheng and Barbara Maughan},
  journal={Journal of Epidemiology \& Community Health},
  pages={716 - 722}
Background Associations between the characteristics of the family environment, in particular poverty and family structure, and cognitive development are well established, yet little is known about the role of timing and accumulation of risk in early childhood. The aim of this paper is to assess the associations between income poverty, family instability and cognitive development in early childhood. In particular, it tests the relative role of family economic hardship compared with family… 
Persistent association between family socioeconomic status and primary school performance in Britain over 95 years
In Britain and elsewhere, the influence of family socioeconomic status (SES) on education is already evident in primary school, and it persists and increases throughout the school years, with
Persistent poverty and children's cognitive development: evidence from the UK Millennium Cohort Study
We use data from the four sweeps of the UK Millennium Cohort Study of children born at the turn of the 21st century to document the effect that poverty, and in particular persistent poverty, has on
Numerous studies have come up with an assumption that children nurtured in a conflict, dysfunctional and diverse family contexts show inconsistent forms of domino effect that transverse various
Developmental Trajectories of Conduct Problems and Cumulative Risk from Early Childhood to Adolescence
The findings indicate that different influences and processes may explain diverse pathways of conduct problems, and offers insights into who and what might be targeted and when might be the most effective developmental window for intervention.
Single-Mother Families: An Interactionist Perspective to Examine Cognitive Functioning in Middle Childhood
Many researchers note that children from single-parent households generally do worse in school than children from two-parent households, possibly because single-parent families are more susceptible
Early Life Course Family Structure and Children’s Socio-Emotional and Behavioural Functioning: A View from Australia
Children’s early life experiences are important not only for their contemporary wellbeing, but also for their subsequent life outcomes as adolescents and adults. Research from developed countries has
Within-Person Associations Between Financial Hardship and Cognitive Performance in the PATH Through Life Study.
New evidence is provided that the onset of financial hardship is a potent stressor associated with occasion-specific deficits in fluid cognitive abilities and that mastery or mental health attenuated the time-dependent link between hardship and cognition.


Poverty, Maternal Depression, Family Status and Children's Cognitive and Behavioural Development in Early Childhood: A Longitudinal Study
Abstract Improving children's lives is high on the UK policy agenda. In this study for a recent birth cohort of UK children we examine how three aspects of parental resources – income, mother's
Family Instability and Child Well-Being
This work uses a nationally-representative, two-generation longitudinal survey to suggest that, for white children, the association between the number of family structure transitions and cognitive outcomes is largely explained by mothers' prior characteristics but that the link between theNumber of transitions and behavioral outcomes may be causal in part.
The Effects of Change in Family Structure and Income on Dropping Out of Middle and High School
Using a longitudinal sample of eighth graders who lived with both biological parents in 1988, we estimate the increased risk of dropping out among students whose two-parent families experienced
The influence of context, timing, and duration of risk experiences for the passage from childhood to midadulthood.
The results showed that the influence of risk factors associated with socioeconomic disadvantage depended on the developmental stage of the individual, the experience of long-term or continuous disadvantage, and the overall sociohistorical context.
Socioeconomic status and child development.
A variety of mechanisms linking SES to child well-being have been proposed, with most involving differences in access to material and social resources or reactions to stress-inducing conditions by both the children themselves and their parents.
Family Structure and the Reproduction of Poverty
  • S. McLanahan
  • Psychology, Economics
    American Journal of Sociology
  • 1985
Recent analysts have argued that the female-headed family is responsible for the growth of an "underclass" in America. This study uses longitudinal data taken from the Michigan Panel Study of Income
Family Instability and Children's Early Problem Behavior
This study investigated the association between family instability and children's problem behavior during the transition to first grade. In a sample (n = 1,015) drawn from the NICHD Study of Early