Family Violence and Maltreatment of Women During the Perinatal Period: Associations with Infant Morbidity in Indian Slum Communities

@article{Silverman2015FamilyVA,
  title={Family Violence and Maltreatment of Women During the Perinatal Period: Associations with Infant Morbidity in Indian Slum Communities},
  author={Jay G. Silverman and Donta Balaiah and Michele R. Decker and Sabrina C. Boyce and Julie Ritter and Dattaram D. Naik and Saritha Nair and Niranjan Saggurti and Anita Raj},
  journal={Maternal and Child Health Journal},
  year={2015},
  volume={20},
  pages={149-157}
}
ObjectivesTo determine the prevalence of non-violent, gender-based forms of maltreatment of women by husbands and in-laws [i.e., gender-based household maltreatment (GBHM)] during pregnancy and postpartum; to clarify the role of GBHM in compromising infant health, and whether this role extends beyond that previously observed for intimate partner violence (IPV).MethodsCross-sectional, quantitative data were collected from women (ages 15–35) seeking immunizations for their infants <6 months of… 
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IPV is highly prevalent in Bihar and is associated with increased risk for miscarriage, stillbirth, and maternal health complications, but associations between IPV and miscarriage and stillbirth do not hold true for the poorest women.
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Efforts to increase access to health services for women experiencing IPV and to integrate IPV intervention into such service may increase PNH practices, and as a result, reduce neonatal mortality.
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Reduced quantity and quality of perinatal health care were associated with recent IPV experiences, and IPV remained associated with diminished care quality in cases where IPV was not related to care receipt.
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Overall, the measure shows good internal reliability and both face and construct validity and should be assessed for utility in determining whether the more commonly reported non-violent forms of abuse act as a risk factor for poor maternal and child health outcomes.
Husband’s Alcohol Use, Intimate Partner Violence, and Family Maltreatment of Low-Income Postpartum Women in Mumbai, India
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There is need to scale up proven successful interventions for reducing men’s alcohol use and design strategies that provide at-risk women protection from alcohol-related IPV and maltreatment and targeted services for Indian women contending with these issues are implicated.
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The findings reveal that IPV during pregnancy is common and significantly associated with adverse maternal and birth outcomes, and stress need for research and development of a screening tool to identify violence early in pregnancy and thus prevent its consequences.
Prevalence of Intimate Partner Violence Among Intimate Partners During the Perinatal Period: A Narrative Literature Review
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Psychological violence was found to be the most prevalent form of violence during the entire perinatal period and in populations suffering from social inequalities.
Violent Motherhood: Prevalence and Factors Affecting Violence Against Pregnant Women in India
  • S. Jungari
  • Medicine
    Journal of interpersonal violence
  • 2018
TLDR
Study results reveal that the prevalence of violence varied among states from 0.5% to 9%, and women in South India were at a greater risk of abuse during pregnancy than that of women in other parts of India.
Prevalence of domestic violence against women in informal settlements in Mumbai, India: a cross-sectional survey
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The need to include the spectrum of perpetrators and forms of domestic violence—particularly emotional violence and coercive control—in data gathering remains common in urban informal settlements.
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