Family Structure and the Reproduction of Poverty

@article{McLanahan1985FamilySA,
  title={Family Structure and the Reproduction of Poverty},
  author={Sara McLanahan},
  journal={American Journal of Sociology},
  year={1985},
  volume={90},
  pages={873 - 901}
}
  • S. McLanahan
  • Published 1 January 1985
  • Psychology, Economics
  • American Journal of Sociology
Recent analysts have argued that the female-headed family is responsible for the growth of an "underclass" in America. This study uses longitudinal data taken from the Michigan Panel Study of Income Dynamics to address the questions whether and why offspring in female-headed households are more likely to experience persistent poverty in adulthood. Four hypotheses regarding the effect of a father's absence are tested: the "no-effects" hypothesis, the "economic-deprivation" hypothesis, the… 
IRP Discussion Papers
Recent analysts have argued that the female-headed family is responsible for the growth of an "underclass" in America. This study uses longitudinal data taken from the Michigan Panel Study of Income
Intergenerational Consequences of Family Disruption
This paper examines the effects of childhood family disruption on adult family experience by applying proportional hazard models to data from the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG). The results
Recent Trends in the Inheritance of Poverty and Family Structure
Family structure and dependency: Early transitions to female household headship
TLDR
This article looks at the intergenerational effects of family structure on family formation and economic dependency and uses event-history analysis to estimate transitions into female headship and economic dependence.
Family structure, intergenerational mobility, and the reproduction of poverty: Evidence for increasing polarization?
TLDR
Examination of patterns of intergenerational inheritance in the population over the long run using data from the National Longitudinal Surveys and a model of population renewal suggests that current rates of interGenerational inheritance have little effect on population change over time.
Education, Assets, and Intergenerational Well-Being: The Case of Female Headed Families
This paper reports findings from an analysis of economic well-being among female headed households. Previous theoretical and empirical work in this area suggests that poverty among female headed
Child labor and family structure: the role of divorce
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the role of family structure on child labor by comparing children of nuclear families headed by the father with children of single-mother families headed
Beyond the Intergenerational Transmission of Divorce
Data are used from both waves of the National Survey of Families and Households to test the hypothesis that individuals who experience many parental relationship transitions will often reproduce
Determinants of Spells of Poverty Following Divorce
Introduction Between 1967 and 1984, the proportion of single-parent families increased from 10 to 21 percent of all families (Congressional Budget Office, 1985). The poverty rate of all female-headed
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 39 REFERENCES
Differentials in Marital Instability: 1970
Using national data on white ever-married women under forty-five, differentials in marital instability are examined for several of the wife's characteristics at first marriage and for the couple's
Family Stability and Occupational Success
The effects of family stability in the parental generation, as indexed by the presence of both parents in the childhood home, on the marital and occupational statuses of American adult males in 1962
Post‐Divorce Family Relationships as Mediating Factors in the Consequences of Divorce for Children
In this study, the psychological structure of the family after divorce is seen as mediating the impact of divorce upon children. Divorce affects primary bonds with parents, presents challenges to
Equality of Schooling: Trends and Prospects.
Among cohorts of U.S. men born during the first half of the twentieth century, as the length of schooling has increased, its variability has decreased and schooling has become more equally
The Effect of Income on Delinquency: Comment
In the March 1966 issue of this Review, Belton Fleisher proposed an analytical framework for assessing the relationship between income and juvenile delinquency and has attempted to measure the effect
Changes in the Socioeconomic Stratification of the Races, 1962-73
TLDR
It is suggested that race and class have become less important in the processes which allocate men from families to schooling and subsequently to positions in the occupational hierarchy.
Children of Divorce.
Father absence and children's cognitive development.
  • M. Shinn
  • Psychology
    Psychological bulletin
  • 1978
TLDR
The evidence suggests that financial hardship, high levels of anxiety, and, in particular, low levels of parent-child interaction are causes of poor performance among children in single-parent families; sex role identification does not play an important role.
Education and Social Background
  • B. Duncan
  • Psychology
    American Journal of Sociology
  • 1967
TLDR
Stability in the relations among the family factors and their respective effects on schooling is pronounced over cohorts, and intercohort differences in family circumstances do not account for the variable gains in mean attainment recorded between successive cohorst.
1. Generic Features of Families under Stress
Two STREAMS OF research concerned about social stresses and the family have been running parallel for some time. This conference should stimulate their early convergence. I refer to the research on
...
1
2
3
4
...