Family Policy in Japan

@article{Boling1998FamilyPI,
  title={Family Policy in Japan},
  author={Patricia Ann Boling},
  journal={Journal of Social Policy},
  year={1998},
  volume={27},
  pages={173 - 190}
}
  • P. Boling
  • Published 1 April 1998
  • Political Science
  • Journal of Social Policy
The pervasive sense of crisis in Japan over the falling birth rate and aging society issues is generating an active public debate about gender, the family, the organization of the workplace and the policy approaches best able to cope with these problems. This article considers explanations for demographic change, then turns to current Japanese family policy, focusing on the contradiction between formal laws and policies which aim at supporting families and informal practices which make domestic… 

Policy Responses to Population-Declining Society: Development and Challenges of Family Policies in Japan

With declining fertility and an increasingly aging population, Japan faces a critical turning point in terms of family policy. These demographic changes, which have occurred against a backdrop of

The Political Economy of Postwar Family Policy in Japan: Economic Imperatives and Electoral Incentives

In recent years, Japanese family policy has shifted from policies that reinforce traditional gender roles to policies that enable women to balance work and family. This article focuses on the

Social Care in Crisis: Gender, Demography, and Welfare State Restructuring in Japan

  • I. Peng
  • Political Science, Economics
  • 2002
This article looks at welfare state restructuring in Japan in the 1990s from the perspective of changes in gender relations and demography. Contrary to the retrenchment pressures exerted by economic

Family policy and social order – comparing the dynamics of family policy‐making in Scandinavia and Confucian Asia

This article compares family policies in two Scandinavian and three Confucian Asian countries. Through a general survey on schemes of child allowance and parental leave, it seeks explaining factors

The Technological Utopia: Mimamori Care and Family Separation in Japan

  • Anoma Veere
  • Political Science
    Asiascape: Digital Asia
  • 2019
Japan is undergoing a significant demographic upheaval, and the Japanese government is formulating policies for stimulating technological advances based on the assumption that they will solve issues

New social risks and changing directions in Asian family policy

Family plays an indispensable role in the Asian model of welfare. Jones (1993) uses the term ‘household economy’ to describe how the family shares its resources to satisfy the needs of its members.

The Comparative Political Economy of Childcare: Japan, U.S., and Europe

Imperfections in the childcare market results in sub-optimal levels and quality of communal care for children. As a result, many women in industrialized democracies are opting out of motherhood. This

Social Policy and Childbearing Behavior in Japan since the 1960s: An Individual Level Perspective

Japan is the first country in Asia that underwent noticeable fertility decline. The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of Japan was around four or five before WWII. In 2003, it reached a low at 1.29, making

Japan’s changing fertility mechanisms and its policy responses

This paper discusses Japan’s decline in fertility over the past 50 years. The change in Japan’s postwar fertility is analysed using formal demographic tools such as parity progression ratios and

Women’s employment, work-life balance policies, and inequality across the life course: a comparative analysis of Japan, Sweden and the United States

Using OECD and other big data sets, this work examines the patterns of women's employment over the life course in Japan, Sweden and the United States, as three illustrated cases of welfare states with different nation's work-life balance policies.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 40 REFERENCES

How Policies Change: The Japanese Government and the Aging Society

Japan is aging rapidly, and its government has been groping with the implications of this profound social change. In a study of post-war Japanese social policy, John Creighton Campbell traces the

The Development of Family Policy

In the course of the postwar period, universal family support has been introduced in most industrialized nations. Governments may introduce such support in order to attain two policy objectives,

The Feminization of Poverty: Only in America?

This study asks whether the feminization of poverty the tendency of women and their families to become the majority of the poor is a phenomenon unique to the United States. Seven industrialized

Gender and the Labor Market

The position and working patterns of women in the Japanese labor market reflect both prevailing attitudes toward gender roles in Japanese society and economic change. With the recent rise in the

Fewer babies: a private matter?

The author describes the national debate that has occurred following the publication in 1990 of a white paper pointing out that Japans fertility rate has been below replacement level since 1975 and

Women and the Economic Miracle: Gender and Work in Postwar Japan.By Mary C. Brinton. University of California Press, 1993

This lucid, hard-hitting book explores a central paradox of the Japanese economy: the relegation of women to low-paying, dead-end jobs in a workforce that depends on their labor to maintain its

Values and fertility change in Japan.

In Japan, many of the more important value changes affecting fertility in recent decades are bound up with major educational and job gains by women, which have led to greater economic independence and more emphasis on values of individualism and equality between the sexes.

Staying on the Line: Blue-Collar Women in Contemporary Japan

This is a persuasive, multilayered analysis of a vital but little-examined sector of the Japanese workforce--the female permanent blue-collar worker. Through personal accounts of factory life, the

The economic impact of prospective population changes in advanced industrial countries: an historical perspective.

Although the burden of aged dependents will reach a new high, the projected total dependency rate is not out of line with prior experience, and the ability of the working population to shoulder theurden of higher taxes to support programs for older dependent will be greater because of reduced needs to support younger dependents.

Care of the elderly in Japan: changing norms and expectations

Analyse des normes liees au devoir filial envers les parents âges au Japon et des attentes des parents âges vis-a-vis des enfants : evolutions et tendances actuelles