Falsification and the Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes

  title={Falsification and the Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes},
  author={Imre Lakatos},
For centuries knowledge meant proven knowledge — proven either by the power of the intellect or by the evidence of the senses. Wisdom and intellectual integrity demanded that one must desist from unproven utterances and minimize, even in thought, the gap between speculation and established knowledge. The proving power of the intellect or the senses was questioned by the sceptics more than two thousand years ago; but they were browbeaten into confusion by the glory of Newtonian physics. Einstein… 

Scientific Conjectures and the Growth of Knowledge

  • S. Chakraborty
  • Philosophy
    Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research
  • 2021
A collective understanding that traces a debate between ‘what is science?’ and ‘what is a science about?’ has an extraction to the notion of scientific knowledge. The debate undertakes the pursuit of

Erotetic logic and scientific inquiry

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This book represents a new approach to philosophy. It treats philosophy as not a collection of systems, but as a study of problems. It recognizes in traditional philosophical systems the historical

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Each of these stages of a research project are evaluated to clarify the sources of ambiguities and uncertainties and suggestions are offered for reducing errors and speeding scientific progress.

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Man, some modern philosophers tell us, is alienated from his world: he is a stranger and afraid in a world he never made. Maybe he is; yet so are animals, and even plants. They too were born, long

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In several recent publications1, Professor Adolf Grunbaum has inveighed against the conventionalism of writers like Einstein, Poincare, Quine and especially Duhem. Specifically, Grunbaum has assailed

History of Science and Its Rational Reconstructions

  • I. Lakatos
  • Philosophy
    PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association
  • 1970
“Philosophy of science without history of science is empty; history of science without philosophy of science is blind”. Taking its cue from this paraphrase of Kant’s famous dictum, this paper intends