Falsification and the Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes

@inproceedings{Lakatos1976FalsificationAT,
  title={Falsification and the Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes},
  author={Imre Lakatos},
  year={1976}
}
For centuries knowledge meant proven knowledge — proven either by the power of the intellect or by the evidence of the senses. Wisdom and intellectual integrity demanded that one must desist from unproven utterances and minimize, even in thought, the gap between speculation and established knowledge. The proving power of the intellect or the senses was questioned by the sceptics more than two thousand years ago; but they were browbeaten into confusion by the glory of Newtonian physics. Einstein… 

Scientific Conjectures and the Growth of Knowledge

  • S. Chakraborty
  • Philosophy
    Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research
  • 2021
A collective understanding that traces a debate between ‘what is science?’ and ‘what is a science about?’ has an extraction to the notion of scientific knowledge. The debate undertakes the pursuit of

Erotetic logic and scientific inquiry

.It is a near truism that science is a form of inquiry that has produced, and is likely to continue to produce, the most credible beliefs and belief systems purporting to realize certain fundamental

Is testability falsifiability?

Introduction Those who know the work of Karl Popper will have recognized in my title the transformation into interrogation of a formula repeated several times by this eminent philosopher of science,

Breaking the Link between Methodology and Rationality. A Plea for Rhetoric in Scientific Inquiry

“What ultimately decides the fate of a theory is the result of a test”.1 I do not know of any past or present-day scientists who would not readily agree with this favourite maxim of Popper’s. It has

A Critical Analysis of Karl Popper’s Verisimilitude Thesis and the Hallmark of Science

Karl Popper believes that science does not necessarily seek to unveil the truth. He does not assert that the unending formulations and testing of hypothesis or theories will ultimately generate truth

From Epistemology to Rational Science Policy: Popper Versus Kuhn

ingly solid foundations of Newtonian cosmology found themselves without shelter. One of the practical consequences of this upheaval was a collapse of the customary view that science progresses

THE CONTEXTS OF SCIENTIFIC JUSTIFICATION. SOME REFLECTIONS ON THE RELATION BETWEEN EPISTEMOLOGICAL CONTEXTUALISM AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE

Problems of knowledge and justification are central both to philosophy of science and to analytic epistemology. By “analytic epistemology” I mean here the North American tradition of epistemology

Philosophy of Science: Classic Debates, Standard Problems, Future Prospects

Immanuel Kant’s celebrated investigation of human knowledge started from the assumption that we have achieved rock-solid, indubitable knowledge – in geometry through Euclid and in physics through

The Bayesian Alternative to the Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes

Lakatos’s methodology of science developed out of Kuhn’s theory of the paradigm, and this in turn was proposed largely in reaction to Popper’s philosophy of science. Popper held that the most
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 148 REFERENCES

The rise of scientific philosophy

This book represents a new approach to philosophy. It treats philosophy as not a collection of systems, but as a study of problems. It recognizes in traditional philosophical systems the historical

Language, Truth, and Logic

Classic introduction to objectives and methods of schools of empiricism and linguistic analysis, especially of the logical positivism derived from the Vienna Circle, [i]Language, Truth, and Logic[/i]

Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge: Logic of Discovery or Psychology of Research?

My object in these pages is to juxtapose the view of scientific development outlined in my book, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions , with the better known views of our chairman, Sir Karl

Personal Knowledge: Towards a post-critical philosophy

Three years ago, I read Michael Polanyi's contribution—as a philosopher—to a symposium entitled Scientific Outlook: Its Sickness and Cure . In a brilliant, penetrating, and delightfully humorous

Mind, Matter, and Method: Essays in Philosophy and Science in Honor of Herbert Feigl

terms. If, occasionally, such expressions as I just used are applied to facts in physical nature, then just the opposite happens: properties of the perceived world are then projected upon entities

The Logic of Scientific Discovery.

Each of these stages of a research project are evaluated to clarify the sources of ambiguities and uncertainties and suggestions are offered for reducing errors and speeding scientific progress.

A Realist View of Logic, Physics, and History

Man, some modern philosophers tell us, is alienated from his world: he is a stranger and afraid in a world he never made. Maybe he is; yet so are animals, and even plants. They too were born, long

Grünbaum on the ‘Duhemian Argument’

In several recent publications1, Professor Adolf Grunbaum has inveighed against the conventionalism of writers like Einstein, Poincare, Quine and especially Duhem. Specifically, Grunbaum has assailed

History of Science and Its Rational Reconstructions

  • I. Lakatos
  • Philosophy
    PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association
  • 1970
“Philosophy of science without history of science is empty; history of science without philosophy of science is blind”. Taking its cue from this paraphrase of Kant’s famous dictum, this paper intends
...