False reports of childhood events in appropriate interviews

  title={False reports of childhood events in appropriate interviews},
  author={James Ost and Samantha Foster and Alan Costall and Ray Bull},
  pages={700 - 710}
The present study employed the “parental misinformation & CloseCurly ” paradigm to examine whether individuals report false events from their childhood even when they are interviewed in an appropriate manner by a trained interviewer. Each participant was interviewed on three occasions. By the final interview, one participant produced a “full & Close Curly ” report, and six participants produced “partial & Close Curly ” reports, of childhood events that did not occur. Although participants… 
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Using alternative approaches that distinguish between false beliefs and memories, it is found 26-30% of subjects met the criteria for false memories and it is shown that laypeople’s understanding of remembering better aligns with the alternative coding approaches than with Shaw and Porter's results.


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We conducted two experiments to investigate if college students would create false memories of childhood experiences in response to misleading information and repeated interviews. In both experiments
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It is found that factors that decrease one's ability to engage in reality monitoring are related to the acceptance of false events and the creation of false memories.
The Nature of Real, Implanted, and Fabricated Memories for Emotional Childhood Events: Implications for the Recovered Memory Debate
An in-depth investigation of real, implanted, and fabricated (deceptive) memories for stressful childhood events was provided and it was examined whether false memories for emotional events could be implanted and, if so, whether real, implant, and fabrication memories had distinctive features.
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Research has shown that the memory characteristics questionnaire (MCQ) can be used to discriminate between ‘memories’ of perceived events and ‘memories’ of imagined events. The present study extended
False confessions and false memories: a model for understanding retractors' experiences
The present paper examines reports by 'retractors' (i.e. adults who have retracted their earlier claims of childhood abuse) to explore suggestions in the literature of possible similarities between
The plasticity of early memory reports: social pressure, hypnotizability, compliance, and interrogative suggestibility.
  • P. Malinoski, S. Lynn
  • Psychology
    The International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis
  • 1999
Early autobiographical memory reports by adults were very sensitive to social influence in a leading interview and correlated negatively with measures of compliance, hypnotizability, and interrogative suggestibility.
Individual differences in suggestibility : Examining the influence of dissociation, absorption, and a history of childhood abuse
This study examined how individual differences in dissociation, absorption and a history of abuse are related to memory and suggestibility for the details of a personally experienced, known event.
A perfect symmetry? A study of retractors' experiences of making and then repudiating claims of early sexual abuse
Abstract Recent research has attempted to inform the false/recovered memory debate by examining the circumstances surrounding retractors' experiences of coming to make claims that they were abused.
Individual differences and the suggestibility of human memory
The present study was conducted to identify individual difference measures that correlate with memory suggestibility. An adapted version of the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale was used to measure