A patient with previous left caudal pancreatectomy and splenectomy presented with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Abdominal CT and endoscopic ultrasonography revealed a mass in the splenic area. Somatostatin receptor scintigraphy showed a nodular increase of the uptake corresponding to the lesion detected with conventional imaging. A second laparotomy was performed and the mass was resected. Histological analysis showed that the nodular lesion was an accessory spleen. Since physiologic uptake of 111In-pentetreotide is seen in the spleen, an accessory spleen mimicking a tumor, specially after previous splenectomy, may result in false-positive somatostatin receptor scintigraphy.