False memory syndrome

@article{Boakes1995FalseMS,
  title={False memory syndrome},
  author={Janet Boakes},
  journal={The Lancet},
  year={1995},
  volume={346},
  pages={1048-1049}
}
  • J. Boakes
  • Published 21 October 1995
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Lancet
False memory syndrome – balancing the evidence for and against
The false memory syndrome has been the subject of recent intense debate. Can false memories of child sexual abuse be engendered in the minds of susceptible individuals by well meaning therapists?
Memory creation and the treatment of psychiatric disorders.
  • L. Sher
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Medical hypotheses
  • 2000
TLDR
The author suggests that the possibility of use of implants of 'good' memories for the treatment of certain psychiatric disorders should be explored and that implantation of ' good' memories may be called 'positive memory creation therapy'.
From Traumatic Memory to Traumatized Remembering: Beyond the Memory Wars, Part 2: Disagreement
From the mid-1980s onwards, US courts have seen a dramatic increase in personal injury and criminal cases alleging harm caused by sexual abuse whose memories were “recovered” after decades of
Crisis or Creation? A Systematic Examination of False Memory Syndrome
  • S. Dallam
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of child sexual abuse
  • 2000
TLDR
It is concluded that in the absence of any substantive scientific support, “False Memory Syndrome” is best characterized as a pseudoscientific syndrome that was developed to defend against claims of child abuse.
PSYCHOTHERAPY AND MEMORY – AN ATTACHMENT PERSPECTIVE
Early Freudian concepts of memory are contrasted with those of contemporary psychoanalysis. Freud and Breuer's project to ‘remove the amnesias’ has been replaced with a more subtle, context-bound
The Controversy Concerning Recovered Memory of Traumatic Events
Before 1992, the field of trauma studies appeared to consider unremarkable the notion that memories for traumatic events could at times be delayed in their recall. Clinicians who observed trauma
Does Repression Exist? Memory, Pathogenic, Unconscious and Clinical Evidence
The current dispute regarding the existence of repression has mainly focused on whether people remember or forget trauma. Repression, however, is a multidimensional construct, which, in addition to
False or recovered memories?: Legal and ethical implications for therapists
Abstract The allegation that therapists encourage false memories of abuse in their clients presents a challenge to practitioners in the UK and USA. The development of the debate over false or
From courtroom to couch. Working with repressed memory and avoiding lawsuits.
The Persistence of Folly: A Critical Examination of Dissociative Identity Disorder. Part I. The Excesses of an Improbable Concept
  • A. Piper, H. Merskey
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie
  • 2004
TLDR
There is no proof for the claim that DID results from childhood trauma and the condition cannot be reliably diagnosed, and it is best understood as a culture-bound and often iatrogenic condition.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 11 REFERENCES
Making monsters : false memories, psychotherapy, and sexual hysteria
In the last decade, reports of incest have exploded into the national consciousness. Magazines, talk shows, and mass market paperbacks have all jumped into the fray, as many Americans - primarily
The reality of repressed memories.
  • E. Loftus
  • Psychology
    The American psychologist
  • 1993
TLDR
There has been a rise in reported memories of childhood sexual abuse that were allegedly repressed for many years, and people with recently unearthed memories are suing alleged perpetrators for events that happened 20, 30, even 40 or more years earlier.
Psychotherapy and memories of childhood sexual abuse: A cognitive perspective
Cognitive psychological research on the fallibility of human memory is reviewed, focusing on evidence of memory distortions and illusions, with the aim of sharing research on memory with clinical
Recovery and verification of memories of childhood sexual trauma.
TLDR
Fifty-three women outpatients participated in short-term therapy groups for incest survivors and three out of four patients were able to validate their memories by obtaining corroborating evidence from other sources.
Can memories of childhood sexual abuse be repressed?
TLDR
Present clinical evidence is insufficient to permit the conclusion that individuals can repress memories of childhood sexual abuse, and many writers have implied that hundreds of thousands, or even millions of persons harbour such repressed memories.
Recall of Childhood Trauma: A Prospective Study of Women's Memories of Child Sexual Abuse.
One hundred twenty-nine women with previously documented histories of sexual victimization in childhood were interviewed and asked detailed questions about their abuse histories to answer the
Memories of Childhood Sexual Abuse: Remembering and Repressing
Women involved in out-patient treatment for substance abuse were interviewed to examine their recollections of childhood sexual abuse. Overall, 54% of the 105 women reported a history of childhood
Self-reported amnesia for abuse in adults molested as children
A sample of 450 adult clinical subjects reporting sexual abuse histories were studied regarding their repression of sexual abuse incidents. A total of 267 subjects (59.3%) identified some period in
Some additional light on the childhood sexual abuse-psychopathology axis.
  • E. Levitt, C. Pinnell
  • Psychology
    The International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis
  • 1995
TLDR
The conclusions of this logico-empirical analysis are that first, government statistics tend to underestimate the extent of childhood sexual abuse, whereas independent surveys tend to overestimate it and that true prevalence cannot be reliably determined.
Suggestibility of the child witness: a historical review and synthesis.
TLDR
There are reliable age differences in suggestibility but that even very young children are capable of recalling much that is forensically relevant, and a synthesis of this research posits three "families" of factors--cognitive, social, and biological--that must be considered if one is to understand seemingly contradictory interpretations of the findings.
...
1
2
...