False Memory Tasks Do Not Reliably Predict Other False Memories

  title={False Memory Tasks Do Not Reliably Predict Other False Memories},
  author={Lawrence Patihis and Steven J Frenda and Elizabeth F. Loftus},
  journal={Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice},
Several laboratory techniques have been developed over the last few decades that reliably produce memory distortions. However, it is unclear whether false memory production in one experimental paradigm will predict susceptibility to false memories in other paradigms. In Experiment 1, 202 undergraduates participated in a misinformation experiment and semiautobiographical tasks involving three measures of memory distortion (suggestion, imagination, emotion). We established high internal… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Who is susceptible in three false memory tasks?
Results indicate that many correlations between false memory variables in all three inter-paradigm comparisons are null, though some small, positive, significant correlations emerged and it seems likely that there is no false memory “trait”.
Investigating the Relations Among Different Measures of False Memory
The results of the current study suggest that tasks intended to measure false memory may be measuring different types of memory errors.
Why there is No False Memory Trait and Why Everyone is Susceptible to Memory Distortions: The Dual Encoding Interference Hypothesis (Commentary on Bernstein, Scoboria, Desjarlais, & Soucie, in press)
Until recently, it was unclear whether there is an identifiable “trait” that represents a person’s vulnerability to developing false memories. Two articles in the current issue (Patihis, Frenda, &
Individual Differences in Disqualifying Monitoring Underlie False Recognition of Associative and Conjunction Lures.
Results suggest that there are stable individual differences in false remembering across tasks, and the commonality across tasks may be due, at least in part, to the ability to effectively use disqualifying monitoring processes.
The Oxford Handbook of Human Memory Memory Errors and Distortion
It is argued that the study of memory errors has made significant advances during the past two decades, and that these advances have contributed importantly to the authors' understanding of memory as a fundamentally constructive process.
Everyday Memory in Healthy Aging: Porous but Not Distorted
Age differences in discriminability for both news and commercials paradigm are found, indicating that recognition memory of naturalistic stimuli in OA is porous, but not distorted.
“False Memory” Is a Linguistic Convenience
The term false memory describes outcomes to various procedures and techniques, such as coming to believe that suggested false events occurred, acceptance of postevent misinformation, and recognition
Methods of Exploring Related-Meaning-Based False Memories
  • K. McGuire
  • Psychology
    Journal of Cognition and Development
  • 2021
ABSTRACT Children have traditionally been viewed as less reliable witnesses than are adults. More recently, a concept known as developmental reversals, has brought this view into question.


False Memory ≠ False Memory: DRM Errors Are Unrelated to the Misinformation Effect
There were no correlations between a broad range of misinformation and DRM effect measures (mean r  = −.01), and DRM ‘false memories�’ and misinformation effect ‘ false memories’ do not appear to be equivalent.
Neural activity during encoding predicts false memories created by misinformation.
Encoding processes play a critical role in determining true and false memory outcome in misinformation paradigms, according to which activity for false memories was greater during the Original Event phase than the Misinformation phase.
Adults' memories of childhood: true and false reports.
The source-monitoring framework provided a viable explanatory framework for false memory formation and true/false memory discernment and implications for theory and clinical and forensic interviews are discussed.
Creating false memories: Remembering words not presented in lists.
False memories—either remembering events that never happened, or remembering them quite differently from the way they happened—have recently captured the attention of both psychologists and the
False memories in highly superior autobiographical memory individuals
It is suggested that HSAM individuals reconstruct their memories using associative grouping, as demonstrated by a word-list task, and by incorporating postevent information, as shown in misinformation tasks, and that malleable reconstructive mechanisms may be fundamental to episodic remembering.
Children's false memories: different false memory paradigms reveal different results
The aim of the present study was to examine whether two different false memory paradigms (DRM vs suggestion) produce similar results. In Experiment 1, 100 children from four age groups
The relationship between DRM and misinformation false memories
The results suggest that misinformation and DRM false memories generally involve different mechanisms and that their shared mechanism may involve the global discrimination ability.
“False Memory” Is a Linguistic Convenience
The term false memory describes outcomes to various procedures and techniques, such as coming to believe that suggested false events occurred, acceptance of postevent misinformation, and recognition
Do emotional stimuli enhance or impede recall relative to neutral stimuli? An investigation of two “false memory” tasks
The misinformation findings support the Paradoxical Negative Emotion (PNE) hypothesis that negative stimuli will lead to remembering more accurate details but also greater likelihood of memory distortion but the PNE hypothesis was not supported for the DRM results.