Fall-Prone Older People's Attitudes towards the Use of Virtual Reality Technology for Fall Prevention.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Virtual reality (VR) technology is a relatively new rehabilitation tool that can deliver a combination of cognitive and motor training for fall prevention. The attitudes of older people to such training are currently unclear. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to investigate: (1) the attitudes of fall-prone older people towards fall prevention exercise with and without VR; (2) attitudinal changes after intervention with and without VR; and (3) user satisfaction following fall prevention exercise with and without VR. METHODS A total of 281 fall-prone older people were randomly assigned to an experimental group receiving treadmill training augmented by VR (TT+VR, n = 144) or a control group receiving treadmill training alone (TT, n = 137). Two questionnaires were used to measure (1) attitudes towards fall prevention exercise with and without VR (AQ); and (2) user satisfaction (USQ). AQ was evaluated at baseline and after intervention. USQ was measured after intervention only. RESULTS The AQ revealed that most participants had positive attitudes towards fall prevention exercise at baseline (82.2%) and after intervention (80.6%; p = 0.144). In contrast, only 53.6% were enthusiastic about fall prevention exercise with VR at baseline. These attitudes positively changed after intervention (83.1%; p < 0.001), and 99.2% indicated that they enjoyed TT+VR. Correlation analyses showed that postintervention attitudes were strongly related to user satisfaction (USQ: r = 0.503; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS Older people's attitudes towards fall prevention exercise with VR were positively influenced by their experience. From the perspective of the user, VR is an attractive training mode, and thus improving service provision for older people is important.

DOI: 10.1159/000479085

Cite this paper

@article{Dockx2017FallProneOP, title={Fall-Prone Older People's Attitudes towards the Use of Virtual Reality Technology for Fall Prevention.}, author={Kim Dockx and Lisa Alcock and Esther M. J. Bekkers and Pieter Ginis and Miriam F. Reelick and Elisa Pelosin and Giovanna Lagravinese and Jeffrey M. Hausdorff and Anat Mirelman and Lynn Rochester and Alice Nieuwboer}, journal={Gerontology}, year={2017}, volume={63 6}, pages={590-598} }