Fake news as a two-dimensional phenomenon: a framework and research agenda

  title={Fake news as a two-dimensional phenomenon: a framework and research agenda},
  author={Jana Laura Egelhofer and Sophie Lecheler},
  journal={Annals of the International Communication Association},
  pages={116 - 97}
ABSTRACT Based on an extensive literature review, we suggest that ‘fake news’ alludes to two dimensions of political communication: the fake news genre (i.e. the deliberate creation of pseudojournalistic disinformation) and the fake news label (i.e. the instrumentalization of the term to delegitimize news media). While public worries about the use of the label by politicians are increasing, scholarly interest is heavily focused on the genre aspect of fake news. We connect the existing… 

Faking Alternative Journalism? An Analysis of Self-Presentations of “Fake News” Sites

Abstract Scholars have come to understand fake news as content packaged to look like mainstream news but which is deceptive and low in facticity. This study focuses on the textual

News on fake news

  • J. Farkas
  • Sociology
    Journal of Language and Politics
  • 2022
This article presents a qualitative study of media discourses around fake news, examining 288 news articles from two national elections in Denmark in 2019. It explores how news media construct fake

‘Fake news’ discourses

This article explores the strategic use of ‘fake news’ discourses in non-democratic contexts using a mixed-methods approach grounded in social network analysis and discourse theory. In contexts

More than “Fake News”?

While the debate around the prevalence and potential effects of fake news has received considerable scholarly attention, less research has focused on how political elites and pundits weaponized

Political Elites' Use of Fake News Discourse Across Communications Platforms

“Fake news” has become a global term since Donald Trump’s election as President of the United States. President Trump adopted what we describe as a “discourse of fake news” to attack and discredit

Parasitic news: Adoption and adaption of journalistic conventions in hybrid political communication

This article explores how political parties and individual politicians in Sweden communicate strategically in an online environment where the close relationship between news and journalistic

A Working Definition of Fake News

Definition: Current literature on fake news is rather abundant and mainly focused on history, variety, and types, rather than processes. This review draws on current literature to build a working

Motivated Fake News Perception: The Impact of News Sources and Policy Support on Audiences’ Assessment of News Fakeness

  • S. Tsang
  • Psychology
    Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
  • 2020
An online experiment (N = 280) exposed participants in Hong Kong to an anti-police WhatsApp news message during the extradition bill controversy. Although source verification is commonly recommended

Causes and consequences of mainstream media dissemination of fake news: literature review and synthesis

ABSTRACT Research indicates that the reach of fake news websites is limited to small parts of the population. On the other hand, data demonstrate that large proportions of the public know about

Delegitimizing the media?

Abstract A growing literature on the impact of “fake news“ accusations on legacy news outlets suggests that the use of this term is part of a much larger trend of increased and delegitimizing media



Priming and Fake News: The Effects of Elite Discourse on Evaluations of News Media

Fake news has become a prominent topic of public discussion, particularly among elites. Recent research has explored the prevalence of fake news during the 2016 election cycle and possible effects on

Fake News and The Economy of Emotions

This paper examines the 2016 US presidential election campaign to identify problems with, causes of and solutions to the contemporary fake news phenomenon. To achieve this, we employ textual analysis

"News you don't believe": Audience perspectives on fake news

In this RISJ Factsheet by Rasmus Kleis Nielsen and Lucas Graves, we analyse data from 8 focus groups and a survey of online news users to understand audience perspectives on fake news. On the basis

The small, disloyal fake news audience: The role of audience availability in fake news consumption

By examining online visitation data across mobile and desktop platforms in the months leading up to and following the 2016 presidential election, it is found the fake news audience comprises a small, disloyal group of heavy Internet users.

Defining “Fake News”

This paper is based on a review of how previous studies have defined and operationalized the term “fake news.” An examination of 34 academic articles that used the term “fake news” between 2003 and

Fake news from Africa: Panics, politics and paradigms

The moral panic about ‘fake news’ internationally has formed the backdrop for debates about the impact of the spread of similar fabrications on politics in South Africa. News – whether ‘fake’ or

Fake news: public policy responses

An apparent proliferation of inaccurate and misleading news stories has led to calls for new policy interventions, from fact checking by social media companies to new laws imposing fines for posting

The agenda-setting power of fake news: A big data analysis of the online media landscape from 2014 to 2016

Although it is confirmed that content from fake news websites is increasing, these sites do not exert excessive power, and fact-checkers were not influential in determining the agenda of news media overall, and their influence appears to be declining, illustrating the difficulties fact-checks face in disseminating their corrections.

Truth is What Happens to News

Here I propose that the phenomenon of “fake news” is indicative of the contested position of news and the dynamics of belief formation in contemporary societies. It is symptomatic of the collapse of

The science of fake news

Social and computer science research regarding belief in fake news and the mechanisms by which it spreads is discussed, focusing on unanswered scientific questions raised by the proliferation of its most recent, politically oriented incarnation.