• Corpus ID: 235436286

Fairness as Equality of Opportunity: Normative Guidance from Political Philosophy

@article{Khan2021FairnessAE,
  title={Fairness as Equality of Opportunity: Normative Guidance from Political Philosophy},
  author={Falaah Arif Khan and Eleni Manis and Julia Stoyanovich},
  journal={ArXiv},
  year={2021},
  volume={abs/2106.08259}
}
Recent interest in codifying fairness in Automated Decision Systems (ADS) has resulted in a wide range of formulations of what it means for an algorithmic system to be fair. Most of these propositions are inspired by, but inadequately grounded in, political philosophy scholarship. This paper aims to correct that deficit. We introduce a taxonomy of fairness ideals using doctrines of Equality of Opportunity (EOP) from political philosophy, clarifying their conceptions in philosophy and the… 

Figures from this paper

The Fairness Field Guide: Perspectives from Social and Formal Sciences
TLDR
It is hoped that this field guide will help fair machine learning practitioners better understand how their algorithms align with important humanistic values and how they can, as a field, design methods and metrics to better serve oppressed and marginalized populaces.
The Causal Fairness Field Guide: Perspectives From Social and Formal Sciences
TLDR
This field guide will help fair machine learning practitioners better understand how their causality-based fairness notions align with important humanistic values and how they can, as a field, design methods and metrics to better serve oppressed and marginalized populaces.
Teaching Responsible Data Science
TLDR
This paper recounts the experience in developing, teaching, and refining a technical course called “Responsible Data Science”, which tackles the issues of ethics in AI, legal compliance, data quality, algorithmic fairness and diversity, transparency of data and algorithms, privacy, and data protection.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 23 REFERENCES
A Moral Framework for Understanding Fair ML through Economic Models of Equality of Opportunity
TLDR
This work maps the recently proposed notions of algorithmic fairness to economic models of Equality of opportunity---an extensively studied ideal of fairness in political philosophy and proposes a new family of measures, inspired by luck egalitarian models of EOP.
Equality of opportunity: A progress report
TLDR
The recent literature in egalitarian political philosophy, particularly the idea that in the equal-opportunity ethic, there is, as well as a desire to equalize something, an insistence that individuals be held responsible for what happens to them.
The Theory of Justice
Moral and value judgments are viewed by many people as at base subjective, nonrational, and incapable of proof. In academic moral philosophy this view is reflected in the dominance in much of this
Measurement and Fairness
TLDR
It is argued that many of the harms discussed in the literature on fairness in computational systems are direct results of such mismatches, and it is shown how some of these harms could have been anticipated and mitigated if viewed through the lens of measurement modeling.
Fairness through awareness
TLDR
A framework for fair classification comprising a (hypothetical) task-specific metric for determining the degree to which individuals are similar with respect to the classification task at hand and an algorithm for maximizing utility subject to the fairness constraint, that similar individuals are treated similarly is presented.
Inherent Trade-Offs in the Fair Determination of Risk Scores
TLDR
Some of the ways in which key notions of fairness are incompatible with each other are suggested, and hence a framework for thinking about the trade-offs between them is provided.
The Imperative Of Integration
  • D. Allen
  • Political Science
    European Journal of Sociology
  • 2012
I n t h i s i m p r e s s i v e l y rigorous and forceful book Elizabeth Anderson writes that political philosophy ‘‘should start with a diagnosis of what ails us, and construct remedies that are
The Meritocracy Trap: How America's Foundational Myth Feeds Inequality, Dismantles the Middle Class, and Devours the Elite
"It is an axiom of American life that advantage should be earned through ability and effort. Even as the country divides itself at every turn, the meritocratic ideal – that social and economic
Four Conceptions of Equal Opportunity
Equality of opportunity is widely endorsed but subject to conflicting interpretations. This article identifies four non‐equivalent interpretations of the equality of opportunity ideal. Under
Fair prediction with disparate impact: A study of bias in recidivism prediction instruments
TLDR
It is demonstrated that the criteria cannot all be simultaneously satisfied when recidivism prevalence differs across groups, and how disparate impact can arise when an RPI fails to satisfy the criterion of error rate balance.
...
...