Fairness and Trust in Virtual Environments: The Effects of Reputation

@article{Duradoni2018FairnessAT,
  title={Fairness and Trust in Virtual Environments: The Effects of Reputation},
  author={Mirko Duradoni and Mario Paolucci and F. Bagnoli and A. Guazzini},
  journal={Future Internet},
  year={2018},
  volume={10},
  pages={50}
}
Reputation supports pro-social behaviors in a variety of social settings and across different ages. When re-encounters are possible, developing a positive reputation can be a valuable asset that will result in better outcomes. However, in real life, cooperative acts are ambiguous and happen in noisy environments in which individuals can have multiple goals, visibility is reduced, and reputation systems may differ. This study examined how reputation within a virtual environment affects fairness… Expand
How Reputation Systems Change the Psychological Antecedents of Fairness in Virtual Environments
TLDR
Reputation seems to decrease fairness in those individuals who report high levels of Neuroticism and Openness, and high values of Self-Efficacy appear to be more likely associated with unfair behaviors when reputation is off the bargaining. Expand
Personality and Reputation: A Complex Relationship in Virtual Environments
TLDR
This work implemented a modified online version of the Ultimatum Game, in which participants played before as proposers, and then as responders, always knowing the reputation of their interactors, and showed how psychological traits influence the participants’ behavior in all the game phases, as well as in the rating dynamics. Expand
Reviewing Stranger on the Internet: The Role of Identifiability through "Reputation" in Online Decision Making
TLDR
It is discovered that, when matched with strangers, people donate the same amount of money as if the other has a good reputation, and reputation significantly affected the donation size, the acceptance rate and the feedback decision making. Expand
RE-examining the Effect of Online Social Support on Subjective Well-Being: The Moderating Role of Experience
TLDR
The findings reveal that receiving online support and providing online support are the key predictors of subjective well-being and social capital positively influences the reception and provision of online support. Expand
Factors that promote social media marketing in retail companies
Reaching consumers effectively is one of the main challenges facing businesses, particularly those in retail. The latter is due to advances in information technology and the phenomenon of socialExpand
Intrapreneurial Self-Capital Mediates the Connectedness to Nature Effect on Well-Being at Work
TLDR
The mediation analysis highlights that ISC, as a core of preventive resources, potentially sustains the effect of feeling connected to nature on well-being at work and could be beneficial in protecting the environment and in promoting health among workers. Expand
Intrapreneurial Self-Capital and Connectedness to Nature within Organizations
Research exists regarding personality traits in relation to connectedness with nature. However, it is not possible to increase personality through training. As an alternative, intrapreneurialExpand
Intrapreneurial Self-Capital: A Primary Preventive Resource for Twenty-First Century Entrepreneurial Contexts
TLDR
The article presents the most recent empirical evidence that connects ISC to (1) employability and career decision making, (2) innovative behavior, and (3) well-being. Expand

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 59 REFERENCES
Partner Selection Supported by Opaque Reputation Promotes Cooperative Behavior
TLDR
The results show that low reputation works as a signal of untrustworthiness, whereas medium or high reputation are not taken into account by participants for orienting their choices, and it is found that, when reputation is pivotal to selection, then a substantial proportion of would-be defectors turn into cooperators. Expand
Reputation Formation and the Evolution of Cooperation in Anonymous Online Markets
Theoretical propositions stressing the importance of trust, reciprocity, and reputation for cooperation in social exchange relations are deeply rooted in classical sociological thought. Today’sExpand
How should we define goodness?--reputation dynamics in indirect reciprocity.
TLDR
The results give one solution to the definition of goodness from an evolutionary viewpoint and believe that the formalism of reputation dynamics gives general insights into the way social information is generated, handled, and transmitted in animal societies. Expand
Reputation helps solve the ‘tragedy of the commons’
TLDR
It is shown, through alternating rounds of public goods and indirect reciprocity games, that the need to maintain reputation for indirect reciprocities maintains contributions to the public good at an unexpectedly high level, but if rounds of indirect reciprocation are not expected, then contributions toThe public good drop quickly to zero. Expand
Reputation management: Why and how gossip enhances generosity
Abstract We advance a framework for understanding why and how gossip may promote generosity and cooperation, especially in situations that can result in greater indirect benefits from others. DrawingExpand
Wallflowers: Experimental Evidence of an Aversion to Standing Out
TLDR
The experimental results show that instead of uniformly increasing contributions, visibility draws contributions towards the middle of others' contributions, and that heterogeneity in reputation concerns wallflower behavior is particularly strong for women and can be observed in several different settings. Expand
The influence of prior reputation and reciprocity on dynamic trust-building in adults with and without autism spectrum disorder
TLDR
The present findings indicate that individuals with ASD have difficulties encoding incoming social information and using it to revise and flexibly update prior social expectations, and that this deficit might severely hinder social learning and everyday life interactions. Expand
The virtues of gossip: reputational information sharing as prosocial behavior.
TLDR
The existence and dynamics of prosocial gossip are established, the sharing of negative evaluative information about a target in a way that protects others from antisocial or exploitative behavior and implications for reputational theories of the maintenance of cooperation in human groups are discussed. Expand
Reputation, a universal currency for human social interactions
  • M. Milinski
  • Business, Medicine
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2016
TLDR
It is argued and illustrated with examples that a person's known reputation functions like money that can be used whenever the person needs help. Expand
Order without law: Reputation promotes cooperation in a cryptomarket for illegal drugs
The emergence of large-scale cooperation in humans poses a major puzzle for the social and behavioural sciences. Reputation formation—individuals’ ability to share information about others’ deeds andExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...