Fairness Versus Justice in Language Testing: The Place of English Literacy in the Australian Citizenship Test

@article{Mcnamara2011FairnessVJ,
  title={Fairness Versus Justice in Language Testing: The Place of English Literacy in the Australian Citizenship Test},
  author={T. Mcnamara and Kerry A. Ryan},
  journal={Language Assessment Quarterly},
  year={2011},
  volume={8},
  pages={161 - 178}
}
This article proposes a distinction between fairness and justice in relation to language tests. Basing its discussion on the validity theory of Samuel Messick, it discusses the way in which these terms have been used in the existing literature, and their relationship to the concept of validity. Fairness, broadly speaking, refers to the technical quality of the test; justice encompasses the values implicit in test constructs, and the social uses to which language tests may be put. It illustrates… Expand
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