Failure to detect changes to people during a real-world interaction

  title={Failure to detect changes to people during a real-world interaction},
  author={Daniel J. Simons and Daniel T. Levin},
  journal={Psychonomic Bulletin \& Review},
Recent research on change detection has documented surprising failures to detect visual changes occurring between views of a scene, suggesting the possibility that visual representations contain few details. Although these studies convincingly demonstrate change blindness for objects in still images and motion pictures, they may not adequately assess the capacity to represent objects in the real world. Here we examine and reject the possibility that change blindness in previous studies resulted… 
Memory for centrally attended changing objects in an incidental real-world change detection paradigm.
It is shown that change blindness for a conversation partner occurs in a variety of situations, and participants who noticed the substitution showed better memory for both pre- and post-change experimenters than participants who did not detect the change.
Evidence for Preserved Representations in Change Blindness
In three experiments, it is shown that people often do have a representation of some aspects of the pre-change scene even when they fail to report the change, and they appear to "discover" this memory and can explicitly report details of a changed object in response to probing questions.
Changing scenes: Memory for naturalistic events following change blindness
It is suggested that attentional limitations during encoding contribute to biases in episodic memory when changes occur during a visual disruption such as a saccade or a movie cut.
Change Blindness in the Absence of a Visual Disruption
In two experiments, it is demonstrated that change blindness can occur even in the absence of a visual disruption, and when changes are sufficiently gradual, the visible change signal does not seem to draw attention, and large changes can go undetected.
Trajectory changes are susceptible to change blindness manipulations
The study provides evidence that the flicker paradigm can be used to induce change blindness with dynamic stimuli, and that changes to predictable trajectories are detected or missed in the similar way as orientation changes.
Attentional bias in change detection
57 We live in a constantly changing environment and change detection is important in order to efficiently function in the world that surrounds us. Our sensory organs are biased to register changes in
The Role of Iconic Memory in Change-Detection Tasks
It is concluded that people may have a fairly rich visual representation of a scene while the scene is present, but fail to detect changes because they lack the ability to simultaneously represent two complete visual representations.
A Comparison of Change Blindness and the Visual Perception of Museum Artefacts in Real-World and On-Screen Scenarios
Change blindness is a phenomenon of visual perception that occurs when a stimulus undergoes a change without this being noticed by its observer. Since it was first described in the 1990s, change
Undetected changes in visible stimuli influence subsequent decisions
The scene and the unseen: Manipulating photographs for experiments on change blindness and scene memory
A step-by-step tutorial on how to produce changes in natural-scene images with a freely available image-processing tool (GIMP), and an experiment confirming that scenes manipulated according to these guidelines are effective in inducing change blindness and demonstrating the relationship betweenchange blindness and the physical properties of the change.


Failure to detect changes to attended objects in motion pictures
Our intuition that we richly represent the visual details of our environment is illusory. When viewing a scene, we seem to use detailed representations of object properties and interobject relations
TO SEE OR NOT TO SEE: The Need for Attention to Perceive Changes in Scenes
When looking at a scene, observers feel that they see its entire structure in great detail and can immediately notice any changes in it. However, when brief blank fields are placed between
Is the Richness of Our Visual World an Illusion? Transsaccadic Memory for Complex Scenes
The results reveal the poverty of transsaccadic memory for real-life complex scenes and are discussed with respect to Dennett's view that much less information is available in vision than the authors' subjective impression leads us to believe.
Familiarity and visual change detection
  • H. Pashler
  • Psychology
    Perception & psychophysics
  • 1988
Detection of change when one display of familiar objects replaces another display might be based purely upon visual codes, or also on identity information (i.e., knowingwhat was presentwhere in the
Visual stability across saccades while viewing complex pictures.
Evidence suggests that subjects' detection of image changes primarily involves the use of local information in the region of the eyes' landing position, and a saccade target theory of visual stability is proposed.
In Sight, Out of Mind: When Object Representations Fail
Models of human visual memory often presuppose an extraordinary ability to recognize and identify objects, based on evidence for nearly flawless recognition of hundreds or even thousands of pictures
Visual Attention and the Perception of Features and Objects
Feature integration theory (Treisman & Gelade, 1980) suggested that simple features are codel in parallel in a number of specialized feature maps, but that focussed attention is required to ensure
Information integration across saccadic eye movements
Long-term memory for a common object
Transsaccadic Memory and Integration During Real-World Object Perception
What is the nature of the information that is preserved and combined across saccadic eye movements during the visual analysis of real-world objects? The two experiments reported investigated