Failure to detect changes to attended objects in motion pictures

  title={Failure to detect changes to attended objects in motion pictures},
  author={Daniel T. Levin and Daniel J. Simons},
  journal={Psychonomic Bulletin \& Review},
Our intuition that we richly represent the visual details of our environment is illusory. When viewing a scene, we seem to use detailed representations of object properties and interobject relations to achieve a sense of continuity across views. Yet, several recent studies show that human observers fail to detect changes to objects and object properties when localized retinal information signaling a change is masked or eliminated (e.g., by eye movements). However, these studies changed… 

Memory for centrally attended changing objects in an incidental real-world change detection paradigm.

It is shown that change blindness for a conversation partner occurs in a variety of situations, and participants who noticed the substitution showed better memory for both pre- and post-change experimenters than participants who did not detect the change.

Gorillas in Our Midst: Sustained Inattentional Blindness for Dynamic Events

A new study builds on classic studies of divided visual attention to examine inattentional blindness for complex objects and events in dynamic scenes and suggests that the likelihood of noticing an unexpected object depends on the similarity of that object to other objects in the display and on how difficult the priming monitoring task is.

Evidence for Preserved Representations in Change Blindness

In three experiments, it is shown that people often do have a representation of some aspects of the pre-change scene even when they fail to report the change, and they appear to "discover" this memory and can explicitly report details of a changed object in response to probing questions.

Failure to detect changes to people during a real-world interaction

Recent research on change detection has documented surprising failures to detect visual changes occurring between views of a scene, suggesting the possibility that visual representations contain few

Perception and memory across viewpoint changes in moving images.

This work examined eye movement patterns and recognition memory performance as observers looked at short movies involving a change in viewpoint (a cut) to suggest that spatial information is represented differently to other forms of object information when viewing movies that include changes in viewpoint.

The Role of Fixation Position in Detecting Scene Changes Across Saccades

Target objects presented within color images of naturalistic scenes were deleted or rotated during a saccade to or from the target object or to a control region of the scene. Despite instructions to

Attentional bias in change detection

57 We live in a constantly changing environment and change detection is important in order to efficiently function in the world that surrounds us. Our sensory organs are biased to register changes in

Changing scenes: Memory for naturalistic events following change blindness

It is suggested that attentional limitations during encoding contribute to biases in episodic memory when changes occur during a visual disruption such as a saccade or a movie cut.

Change perception using visual transients: object substitution and deletion

Contrary to previous findings showing that response times for luminance change detection in a multi-element display are not altered by attention, it is found changes in Objects of central interest to be detected faster than in objects of marginal interest when objects’ identity was to be held in working memory.

Detection of Object Onset and Offset in Naturalistic Scenes

Results showed that onsets were detected more quickly than offsets, while they were detected with equivalent accuracy, suggesting that the primacy of onset over offset is a robust phenomenon that likely makes onsets more resistant to change blindness under natural viewing conditions.



TO SEE OR NOT TO SEE: The Need for Attention to Perceive Changes in Scenes

When looking at a scene, observers feel that they see its entire structure in great detail and can immediately notice any changes in it. However, when brief blank fields are placed between

Is the Richness of Our Visual World an Illusion? Transsaccadic Memory for Complex Scenes

The results reveal the poverty of transsaccadic memory for real-life complex scenes and are discussed with respect to Dennett's view that much less information is available in vision than the authors' subjective impression leads us to believe.

Visual stability across saccades while viewing complex pictures.

Evidence suggests that subjects' detection of image changes primarily involves the use of local information in the region of the eyes' landing position, and a saccade target theory of visual stability is proposed.

In Sight, Out of Mind: When Object Representations Fail

Models of human visual memory often presuppose an extraordinary ability to recognize and identify objects, based on evidence for nearly flawless recognition of hundreds or even thousands of pictures

Spatiotemporal continuity, smoothness of motion and object identity in infancy

Investigation of 4-month-old infants' apprehension of the identity of objects over successive encounters found continuity may be an early-developing, core principle by which humans individuate objects, but this principle may not guide all early-Developing actions on objects.

Evidence against visual integration across saccadic eye movements

Three experiments are reported that attempted to demonstrate the existence of an integrative visual buffer, a special memory store capable of fusing the visual contents of successive fixations according to their environmental coordinates, but no evidence was found in any experiment for the fusion of visual information from successive fixation in memory, leaving the status of the integrativeVisual buffer in serious doubt.

Familiarity and visual change detection

  • H. Pashler
  • Psychology
    Perception & psychophysics
  • 1988
Detection of change when one display of familiar objects replaces another display might be based purely upon visual codes, or also on identity information (i.e., knowingwhat was presentwhere in the

Visual masking and visual integration across saccadic eye movements.

It is concluded that the findings of Davidson, Fox, and Dick (1973) can be explained solely in retinotopic terms and provide no convincing evidence for spatiotopic visual persistence.

Failure to integrate visual information from successive fixations

Screen brightness (2 log units above threshold) eliminated the phosphor persistence that probably accounts for the success of Jonides et al.

Infants’ Metaphysics: The Case of Numerical Identity

It is conjecture that young infants might represent only the general sortal, object, and construct more specific sortals later (the Object-first Hypothesis), closely related to Bower's (1974) conjecture that infants use spatiotemporal information to trace identity before they use property information.